Una puesta al día fundamental | 24 NOV 19

Diagnóstico y tratamiento de la ciática

Un diagnóstico clínico basado en síntomas de dolor irradiado en una pierna con o sin déficits neurológicos asociados
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Autor: Rikke K Jensen, Alice Kongsted, professor, Per Kjaer, Bart Koes Fuente: BMJ 2019; 367 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l6273 Diagnosis and treatment of sciatica
INDICE:  1. Página 1 | 2. Referencias bibliográficas
Referencias bibliográficas
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  5. Konstantinou K, Dunn KM. Sciatica: review of epidemiological studies and prevalence estimates. Spine (Phila Pa 1976)2008;33:2464-72. doi:10.1097/BRS.0b013e318183a4a2 pmid:18923325CrossRefPubMedWeb of Science
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  9. Konstantinou K, Dunn KM, Ogollah R, Vogel S, Hay EM, ATLAS study research team. Characteristics of patients with low back and leg pain seeking treatment in primary care: baseline results from the ATLAS cohort study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord2015;16:332. doi:10.1186/s12891-015-0787-8 pmid:26537894
  10. Hartvigsen L, Hestbaek L, Lebouef-Yde C, Vach W, Kongsted A. Leg pain location and neurological signs relate to outcomes in primary care patients with low back pain. BMC Musculoskelet Disord2017;18:133. doi:10.1186/s12891-017-1495-3 pmid:28359275
  11. Ailianou A, Fitsiori A, Syrogiannopoulou A, et al. Review of the principal extra spinal pathologies causing sciatica and new MRI approaches. Br J Radiol2012;85:672-81. doi:10.1259/bjr/84443179 pmid:22374280Abstract
  12. Cook CE, Taylor J, Wright A, Milosavljevic S, Goode A, Whitford M. Risk factors for first time incidence sciatica: a systematic review. Physiother Res Int2014;19:65-78. doi:10.1002/pri.1572 pmid:24327326
  13. Stynes S, Konstantinou K, Ogollah R, Hay EM, Dunn KM. Clinical diagnostic model for sciatica developed in primary care patients with low back-related leg pain. PLoS One2018;13:e0191852. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0191852 pmid:29621243
  14. Genevay S, Courvoisier DS, Konstantinou K, et al. Clinical classification criteria for radicular pain caused by lumbar disc herniation: the radicular pain caused by disc herniation (RAPIDH) criteria. Spine J2017;17:1464-71. doi:10.1016/j.spinee.2017.05.005 pmid:28483706
  15. Oliveira CB, Maher CG, Pinto RZ, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of non-specific low back pain in primary care: an updated overview. Eur Spine J2018;27:2791-803. doi:10.1007/s00586-018-5673-2 pmid:29971708
  16. Wáng YXJ, Wu AM, Ruiz Santiago F, Nogueira-Barbosa MH. Informed appropriate imaging for low back pain management: A narrative review. J Orthop Translat2018;15:21-34. doi:10.1016/j.jot.2018.07.009 pmid:30258783
  17. Webster BS, Bauer AZ, Choi Y, Cifuentes M, Pransky GS. Iatrogenic consequences of early magnetic resonance imaging in acute, work-related, disabling low back pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976)2013;38:1939-46. doi:10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182a42eb6 pmid:23883826
  18. Brinjikji W, Diehn FE, Jarvik JG, et al. MRI findings of disc degeneration are more prevalent in adults with low back pain than in asymptomatic controls: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol2015;36:2394-9. doi:10.3174/ajnr.A4498 pmid:26359154Abstract/FREE F
  19. Konstantinou K, Dunn KM, Ogollah R, Lewis M, van der Windt D, Hay EM, ATLAS Study Team. Prognosis of sciatica and back-related leg pain in primary care: the ATLAS cohort. Spine J2018;18:1030-40. doi:10.1016/j.spinee.2017.10.071 pmid:29174459
  20. Ashworth J, Konstantinou K, Dunn KM. Prognostic factors in non-surgically treated sciatica: a systematic review. BMC Musculoskelet Disord2011;12:208. doi:10.1186/1471-2474-12-208 pmid:21943339
  21. Ahrq Agency for HR. Clinical guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of lumbar disc herniation with radiculopathy. N Am Spine Soc. NGC:009903. 2012. https://www.spine.org/Portals/0/assets/downloads/ResearchClinicalCare/Guidelines/LumbarDiscHerniation.pdf
  22. el Barzouhi A, Vleggeert-Lankamp CL, Lycklama à Nijeholt GJ, et al., Leiden-The Hague Spine Intervention Prognostic Study Group. Magnetic resonance imaging in follow-up assessment of sciatica. N Engl J Med2013;368:999-1007. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1209250 pmid:23484826CrossRefPubMedWeb of Science
  23. Weinstein JN, Tosteson TD, Lurie JD, et al. Surgical vs nonoperative treatment for lumbar disk herniation: the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT): a randomized trial. JAMA2006;296:2441-50. doi:10.1001/jama.296.20.2441 pmid:17119140
  24. Lequin MB, Verbaan D, Jacobs WCH, et al., Leiden-The Hague Spine Intervention Prognostic Study Group, Wilco C Peul, Bart W Koes, Ralph T W M Thomeer, Wilbert B van den Hout, Ronald Brand. Surgery versus prolonged conservative treatment for sciatica: 5-year results of a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open2013;3:002534. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002534 pmid:23793663
  25. Fernandez M, Ferreira ML, Refshauge KM, et al. Surgery or physical activity in the management of sciatica: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Spine J2016;25:3495-512. doi:10.1007/s00586-015-4148-y pmid:26210309
  26. Rasmussen-Barr E, Held U, Grooten WJ, et al. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for sciatica. Cochrane Database Syst Rev2016;359:CD012382.
  27. Pinto RZ, Maher CG, Ferreira ML, et al. Drugs for relief of pain in patients with sciatica: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ2012;359:e497doi:10.1136/bmj.e497
  28. Pinto RZ, Verwoerd AJH, Koes BW. Which pain medications are effective for sciatica (radicular leg pain)?BMJ2017;359:j4248. doi:10.1136/bmj.j4248 pmid:29025735FREE
  29. Eurostat. Surgical operations and procedures performed in hospitals by ICD-9-CM: Datamarket; 2018 https://datamarket.com/data/set/28n3/surgical-operations-and-procedures-performed-in-hospitals-by-icd-9-cm#!ds=28n3!2rsd=s:2rsf=5:6dz9=m.n.5.o.7.8.4.9.c.v.j.6.i.l:7l5k=4&display=line.
  30. Jacobs WC, van Tulder M, Arts M, et al. Surgery versus conservative management of sciatica due to a lumbar herniated disc: a systematic review. Eur Spine J2011;20:513-22. doi:10.1007/s00586-010-1603-7 pmid:20949289
  31. Peul WC, van Houwelingen HC, van den Hout WB, et al., Leiden-The Hague Spine Intervention Prognostic Study Group. Surgery versus prolonged conservative treatment for sciatica. N Engl J Med2007;356:2245-56. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa064039 pmid:17538084
  32. Deyo RA, Mirza SK. Herniated lumbar intervertebral disk. N Engl J Med2016;374:1763-72. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp1512658 pmid:27144851
 

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