Un factor olvidado y fundamental | 15 JUN 15

Termogénesis no causada por el ejercicio para el tratamiento de la obesidad

La termogénesis no causada por el ejercicio (TNCE), complementada con ejercicio de moderado a intenso parece ser fundamental para prevenir y disminuir la pandemia de obesidad.
Autor/a: Villablanca PA, Alegria JR, Mookadam F et al Nonexercise Activity Thermogenesis in Obesity Management
INDICE:  1.  | 2. 

1. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. Prevalence of obesity in the United States, 2009-2010. NCHS Data Brief. 2012; 82:1-8.
2. National Institutes of Health. Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults: the evidence report. Obes Res. 1998; 6(suppl 2): 51S-209S.
3. Poirier P, Giles TD, Bray GA, et al. Obesity and cardiovascular disease: pathophysiology, evaluation, and effect of weight loss: an update of the 1997 American Heart Association Scientific Statement on Obesity and Heart Disease from the Obesity Committee of the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism. Circulation. 2006; 113(6):898-918.
4. Masters RK, Reither EN, Powers DA, Yang YC, Burger AE, Link BG. The impact of obesity on US mortality levels: the importance of age and cohort factors in population estimates. Am J Public Health. 2013; 103(10):1895-1901.
5. Finkelstein EA, Trogdon JG, Cohen JW, Dietz W. Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: payer-and service specific estimates. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009; 28(5):w822-w831.
6. Hallal PC, Andersen LB, Bull FC, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U. Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet. 2012; 380(9838):247-257.
7. Church TS, Thomas DM, Tudor-Locke C, et al. Trends over 5 decades in U.S. occupation-related physical activity and their associations with obesity. PLoS One. 2011; 6(5): e19657.
8. Archer E, Shook RP, Thomas DM, et al. 45-Year trends in women’s use of time and household management energy expenditure. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e56620.
9. Flegal KM, Kit BK, Orpana H, Graubard BI. Association of all cause mortality with overweight and obesity using standard body mass index categories: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2013; 309(1):71-82.
10. Katzmarzyk PT, Church TS, Craig CL, Bouchard C. Sitting time and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009; 41(5):998-1005.
11. Jensen MD, Ryan DH, Apovian CM, et al. 2013 AHA/ACC/ TOS guideline for the management of overweight and obesity in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/ American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and The Obesity Society. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014; 63(25, pt B): 2985-3023.
12. Wing RR, Bolin P, Brancati FL, et al. Cardiovascular effects of intensive lifestyle intervention in type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2013; 369(2):145-154.
13. Garber CE, Blissmer B, Deschenes MR, et al. American College of Sports Medicine position stand: quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011; 43(7):1334-1359.
14. Levine J, Baukol P, Pavlidis I. The energy expended in chewing gum. N Engl J Med. 1999; 341(27):2100.
15. Kumahara H, Tanaka H, Schutz Y. Daily physical activity assessment: what is the importance of upper limb movements vs whole body movements? Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004; 28(9):1105-1110.
16. Dauncey MJ. Activity and energy expenditure. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1990; 68(1):17-27.
17. Levine JA, Schleusner SJ, Jensen MD. Energy expenditure of nonexercise activity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000; 72(6):1451-1454.
18. Ravussin E, Lillioja S, Anderson TE, Christin L, Bogardus C. Determinants of 24-hour energy expenditure in man: methods and results using a respiratory chamber. J Clin Invest. 1986; 78(6): 1568-1578.
19. Tentolouris N, Tsigos C, Perea D, et al. Differential effects of high-fat and high-carbohydrate isoenergetic meals on cardiac autonomic nervous system activity in lean and obese women. Metabolism. 2003; 52(11):1426-1432.
20. Nagai N, Sakane N, Hamada T, Kimura T, Moritani T. The effect of a high-carbohydrate meal on postprandial thermogenesis and sympathetic nervous system activity in boys with a recent onset of obesity. Metabolism. 2005; 54(4):430-438.
21. Levine JA. Nonexercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT): environment
and biology. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004; 286(5):E675-E685.
22. Lavie CJ, McAuley PA, Church TS, Milani RV, Blair SN. Obesity and cardiovascular diseases: implications regarding fitness, fatness, and severity in the obesity paradox. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014;63(14): 1345-1354.
23. Maes HH, Neale MC, Eaves LJ. Genetic and environmental factors in relative body weight and human adiposity. Behav Genet. 1997; 27(4):325-351.
24. Kotz CM, Teske JA, Billington CJ. Neuroregulation of nonexercise activity thermogenesis and obesity resistance. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2008;294(3):R699-R710.
25. Novak CM, Zhang M, Levine JA. Neuromedin U in the paraventricular and arcuate hypothalamic nuclei increases non-exercise activity thermogenesis. J Neuroendocrinol. 2006; 18(8):594-601.
26. Castaneda TR, Jurgens H, Wiedmer P, et al. Obesity and the neuroendocrine control of energy homeostasis: the role of spontaneous locomotor activity. J Nutr. 2005; 135(5):1314-1319.
27. Proulx K, Cota D, Castaneda TR, et al. Mechanisms of oleoylethanolamide-induced changes in feeding behavior and motor activity. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2005; 289(3): R729-R737.
28. Trayhurn P, Bing C, Wood IS. Adipose tissue and adipokines: energy regulation from the human perspective. J Nutr. 2006; 136(7 suppl):1935S-1939S.
29. Novak CM, Levine JA. Central neural and endocrine mechanisms of non-exercise activity thermogenesis and their potential impact on obesity. J Neuroendocrinol. 2007; 19(12):923-940.
30. Hara J, Beuckmann CT, Nambu T, et al. Genetic ablation of orexin neurons in mice results in narcolepsy, hypophagia, and obesity. Neuron. 2001; 30(2):345-354.
31. Kiwaki K, Kotz CM, Wang C, Lanningham-Foster L, Levine JA. Orexin A (hypocretin 1) injected into hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus and spontaneous physical activity in rats. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004; 286(4):E551-E559.
32. John J, Wu MF, Siegel JM. Systemic administration of hypocretin-1 reduces cataplexy and normalizes sleep and waking durations in narcoleptic dogs. Sleep Res Online. 2000; 3(1):23-28.
33. Novak CM, Kotz CM, Levine JA. Central orexin sensitivity, physical activity, and obesity in diet-induced obese and diet-resistant rats. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2006; 290(2):E396-E403.
34. Teske JA, Levine AS, Kuskowski M, Levine JA, Kotz CM. Elevated hypothalamic orexin signaling, sensitivity to orexin A, and spontaneous physical activity in obesity-resistant rats. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2006; 291(4): R889-R899.
35. Kok SW, Overeem S, Visscher TL, et al. Hypocretin deficiency in narcoleptic humans is associated with abdominal obesity. Obes Res. 2003; 11(9):1147-1154.
36. Levine JA. Nonexercise activity thermogenesis: liberating the life-force. J Intern Med. 2007; 262(3):273-287.
37. Levine JA, Lanningham-Foster LM, McCrady SK, et al. Interindividual
variation in posture allocation: possible role in human obesity. Science. 2005; 307(5709):584-586.
38. Diaz EO, Prentice AM, Goldberg GR, Murgatroyd PR, Coward WA. Metabolic response to experimental overfeeding in lean and overweight healthy volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992; 56(4):641-655.
39. Kruger J, Yore MM, Kohl HW III. Leisure-time physical activity patterns by weight control status: 1999-2002 NHANES. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007; 39(5):788-795.
40. Black AE, Coward WA, Cole TJ, Prentice AM. Human energy expenditure in affluent societies: an analysis of 574 doubly labeled water measurements. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1996; 50(2):72-92.
41. McCrady-Spitzer SK, Levine JA. Nonexercise activity thermogenesis: a way forward to treat the worldwide obesity epidemic. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2012; 8(5):501-506.
42. Qi L, Cho YA. Gene-environment interaction and obesity. Nutr Rev. 2008; 66(12):684-694.
43. Speliotes EK, Willer CJ, Berndt SI, et al. Association analyses of 249,796 individuals reveal 18 new loci associated with body mass index. Nat Genet. 2010; 42(11):937-948.
44. Andreasen CH, Stender-Petersen KL, Mogensen MS, et al. Low physical activity accentuates the effect of the FTO rs9939609 polymorphism on body fat accumulation. Diabetes. 2008; 57(1):95-101.
45. Steffen LM, Arnett DK, Blackburn H, et al. Population trends in leisure-time physical activity: Minnesota Heart Survey, 1980- 2000. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006; 38(10):1716-1723.
46. De Vera MA, Ratzlaff C, Doerfling P, Kopec J. Reliability and validity of an internet-based questionnaire measuring lifetime physical activity. Am J Epidemiol. 2010; 172(10): 1190-1198.
47. McCrady SK, Levine JA. Sedentariness at work: how much do we really sit? Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009; 17(11):2103-2105.
48. Manini TM, Lamonte MJ, Seguin RA, et al. Modifying effect of obesity on the association between sitting and incident diabetes in post-menopausal women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014; 22(4): 1133-1141.
49. Patel AV, Bernstein L, Deka A, et al. Leisure time spent sitting in relation to total mortality in a prospective cohort of US adults. Am J Epidemiol. 2010; 172(4):419-429.
50. Warren TY, Barry V, Hooker SP, Sui X, Church TS, Blair SN. Sedentary behaviors increase risk of cardiovascular disease mortality in men. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010; 42(5):879-885.
51. Zechner R, Strauss J, Frank S, et al. The role of lipoprotein lipase in adipose tissue development and metabolism. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000; 24(suppl 4):S53-S56.
52. Bey L, Hamilton MT. Suppression of skeletal muscle lipoprotein lipase activity during physical inactivity: a molecular reason to maintain daily low-intensity activity. J Physiol. 2003; 551(pt 2): 673-682.
53. Hamasaki H, Yanai H, Mishima S, et al. Correlations of nonexercise activity thermogenesis to metabolic parameters in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2013; 5(1):26.
54. Duvivier BM, Schaper NC, Bremers MA, et al. Minimal intensity physical activity (standing and walking) of longer duration improves insulin action and plasma lipids more than shorter periods of moderate to vigorous exercise (cycling) in sedentary subjects when energy expenditure is comparable. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e55542.
55. Ekblom-Bak E, Ekblom B, Vikstrom M, de Faire U, Hellenius ML. The importance of non-exercise physical activity for cardiovascular health and longevity. Br J Sports Med 2014; 48(3):233-238.
56. Lee DC, Sui X, Artero EG, et al. Long-term effects of changes in cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men: the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study. Circulation. 2011; 124(23):2483-2490.
57. Mons U, Hahmann H, Brenner H. A reverse J-shaped association of leisure time physical activity with prognosis in patients with stable coronary heart disease: evidence from a large cohort with repeated measurements. Heart. 2014; 100(13):1043-1049.
58. Lanningham-Foster L, Nysse LJ, Levine JA. Labor saved, calories lost: the energetic impact of domestic labor-saving devices. Obes Res. 2003; 11(10):1178-1181.
59. Levine J. Preparing for the NEAT life: losing weight is only half the fun. In: Move a Little, Lose a Lot. New NEAT Science Reveals How to Be Thinner, Happier, and Smarter. New York, NY: Crown Publishers; 2009: 81-83.
60. Steeves JA, Bassett DR, Fitzhugh EC, Raynor HA, Thompson DL. Can sedentary behavior be made more active? a randomized pilot study of TV commercial stepping versus walking. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012; 9:95.
61. Marshall S, Gyi D. Evidence of health risks from occupational sitting: where do we stand? Am J Prev Med. 2010; 39(4):389-391.
62. Pronk NP. Physical activity promotion in business and industry: evidence, context, and recommendations for a national plan. J Phys Act Health. 2009; 6(suppl 2):S220-S235.
63. Levine JA, Miller JM. The energy expenditure of using a “walk and work” desk for office workers with obesity. Br J Sports Med. 2007; 41(9):558-561.
64. McAlpine DA, Manohar CU, McCrady SK, Hensrud D, Levine JA. An office-place stepping device to promote workplace physical activity. Br J Sports Med. 2007; 41(12):903-907.
65. Archer E. The childhood obesity epidemic as a result of nongenetic evolution: the maternal resources hypothesis. Mayo Clin Proc. 2015; 90(1):77-92.
66. Eriksson J, Forsen T, Osmond C, Barker D. Obesity from cradle to grave. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2003; 27(6):722-727.
67. Lanningham-Foster L, Foster RC, McCrady SK, et al. Changing the school environment to increase physical activity in children. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008; 16(8):1849-1853.
68. Prince M. Does active learning work? a review of the research. J Eng Educ. 2004; 93(3):223-231.
69. Krebs NF, Jacobson MS. Prevention of pediatric overweight and obesity. Pediatrics. 2003; 112(2):424-430.
70. Vanhees L, De Sutter J, Gelada SN, et al. Importance of characteristics and modalities of physical activity and exercise in defining the benefits to cardiovascular health within the general population: recommendations from the EACPR (part I). Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2012; 19(4):670-686.
71. Bassett DR, Schneider PL, Huntington GE. Physical activity in an Old Order Amish community. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004; 36(1):79-85.
72. Bassett DR Jr, Wyatt HR, Thompson H, Peters JC, Hill JO. Pedometer-measured physical activity and health behaviors in U.S. adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010; 42(10):1819-1825.
73. Reilly JJ, Penpraze V, Hislop J, Davies G, Grant S, Paton JY. Objective measurement of physical activity and sedentary behaviour: review with new data. Arch Dis Child. 2008; 93(7): 614-619.
74. Manohar CU, McCrady SK, Fujiki Y, Pavlidis IT, Levine JA. Evaluation of the accuracy of a triaxial accelerometer embedded into a cell phone platform for measuring physical activity. J Obes Weight Loss Ther. 2012; 1(106):3309.
75. Bravata DM, Smith-Spangler C, Sundaram V, et al. Using pedometers
to increase physical activity and improve health: a systematic review. JAMA. 2007; 298(19):2296-2304.
76. Yamanouchi K, Shinozaki T, Chikada K, et al. Daily walking combined with diet therapy is a useful means for obese NIDDM patients not only to reduce body weight but also to improve insulin sensitivity. Diabetes Care. 1995; 18(6):775-778.
77. Johnson ST, Bell GJ, McCargar LJ, Welsh RS, Bell RC. Improved cardiovascular health following a progressive walking and dietary intervention for type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2009; 11(9):836-843.
78. Troiano RP, Freedson PS. Promises and pitfalls of emerging measures of physical activity and the environment. Am J Prev Med. 2010; 38(6):682-683.
79. Pedisic Z, Bauman A. Accelerometer-based measures in physical activity surveillance: current practices and issues. Br J Sports Med. 2015; 49(4):219-223.
80. World Health Organization. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. WHO website. http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_recommendations/en. Accessed December 4, 2014.
81. Warburton DE, Katzmarzyk PT, Rhodes RE, Shephard RJ. Evidence-informed physical activity guidelines for Canadian adults.Can J Public Health. 2007; 98(suppl 2):S16-S68.
82. Haskell WL, Lee IM, Pate RR, et al. Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2007; 116(9):1081-1093.
83. Taylor RS, Brown A, Ebrahim S, et al. Exercise-based rehabilitation for patients with coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Med. 2004; 116(10):682-692.
84. Haykowsky MJ, Timmons MP, Kruger C, McNeely M, Taylor DA, Clark AM. Meta-analysis of aerobic interval training on exercise capacity and systolic function in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fractions. Am J Cardiol. 2013; 111(10):1466-1469.
85. McTiernan A, Sorensen B, Irwin ML, et al. Exercise effect on weight and body fat in men and women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007; 15(6):1496-1512.
86. Dunton GF, Berrigan D, Ballard-Barbash R, Graubard BI, Atienza AA. Environmental influences on exercise intensity and duration in a U.S. time use study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009; 41(9):1698-1705.
87. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Steps to wellness: a guide to implementing the 2008 Physical ActivityGuidelines for Americans in the Workplace. CDC website. http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpao/hwi/downloads/Steps2Wellness_BROC
H14_508_Tag508.pdf. Accessed September 2, 2014.
88. Ayyad C, Andersen T. Long-term efficacy of dietary treatment of obesity: a systematic review of studies published between 1931 and 1999. Obes Rev. 2000; 1(2):113-119.
89. Dansinger ML, Tatsioni A, Wong JB, Chung M, Balk EM. Metaanalysis: the effect of dietary counseling for weight loss. Ann Intern Med. 2007; 147(1):41-50.
90. American time use surveyd2013 results. US Bureau of Labor Statistics website. http://www.bls.gov. Accessed December 4, 2014.
91. Shephard RJ. Limits to the measurement of habitual physical activity by questionnaires. Br J Sports Med. 2003; 37(3):197-206; discussion 206.
92. Mak KK, Ho SY, Lo WS, McManus AM, Lam TH. Prevalence of exercise and non-exercise physical activity in Chinese adolescents. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011; 8:3.



Para ver los comentarios de sus colegas o para expresar su opinión debe ingresar con su cuenta de IntraMed.

Términos y condiciones de uso | Política de privacidad | Todos los derechos reservados | Copyright 1997-2024