Falsas creencias | 26 SEP 14

Mitos, presunciones y hechos acerca de la obesidad

Existen muchas creencias sobre la obesidad que perduran sin tener evidencia científica que las avale (presunciones); algunas persisten a pesar de evidencia contradictoria (mitos).
Autor/a: Dres. Casazza K, Fontaine K, Astrup A,et al N Engl J Med 2013;368:446-54.
INDICE:  1. Artículo | 2. Referencias

1. Federal Trade Commission. Dietary supplements: an advertising guide for industry. April 2001 (http://business.ftc.gov/documents/bus09-dietary-supplements-advertising-guide-industry#endnotes).
2. Hill AB. The environment and disease: association or causation? Proc R Soc
Med 1965;58: 295-300.
3. Taubes G. Epidemiology faces its limits. Science 1995; 269: 164-9.
4. Fairman KA. Why hypotheses informed by observation are often wrong: results of randomized controlled trials challenge chronic disease management strategies based on epidemiological evidence. J Manag Care Pharm 2011;17: 224-31.
5. Hall KD. Predicting metabolic adaptation, body weight change, and energy intake in humans. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2010;298: E449-66.
6. Thomas DM, Martin CK, Heymsfield S, Redmon LM, Schoeller DA, Levine JA. A simple model predicting individual weight change in humans. J Biol Dyn 2011;5: 579-99.
7. Thomas DM, Schoeller DA, Redman LA, Martin CK, Levine JA, Heymsfield SB. A computational model to determine energy intake during weight loss. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 92: 1326-31.
8. Linde JA, Jeffery RW, Levy RL, Pronk NP, Boyle RG. Weight loss goals and treatment outcomes among overweight men and women enrolled in a weight loss trial. Int J Obes (Lond) 2005;29: 1002-5.
9. Astrup A, Rossner S. Lessons from obesity management programmes: greater initial weight loss improves long-term maintenance. Obes Rev 2000;1: 17-9.
10. Nackers LM, Ross KM, Perri MG. The association between rate of initial weight loss and long-term success in obesity treatment: does slow and steady win the race? Int J Behav Med 2010;17: 161-7.
11. Fontaine KR, Wiersema L. Dieting readiness test fails to predict enrollment in a weight loss program. J Am Diet Assoc 1999; 99:664.
12. Kriemler S, Zahner L, Schindler C, et al. Effect of school based physical activity programme (KISS) on fitness and adiposity in primary schoolchildren: cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2010; 340:c785.
13. Dobbins M, De Corby K, Robeson P, Husson H, Tirilis D. School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents  aged 6-18. Cochrane Data -base Syst Rev 2009;1:CD007651.
14. Horta BL, Bahl R, Martinés JC, Victora CG. Evidence of the long-term effects of breastfeeding: systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2007.
15. Casazza K, Fernandez JR, Allison DB. Modest protective effects of breast-feeding on obesity: is the evidence truly supportive? Nutr Today 2012; 47:33-8.
16. Kramer MS, Fombonne E, Igumnov S, et al. Effects of prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding on child behavior and maternal adjustment: evidence from a large, randomized trial. Pediatrics 2008; 121(3): e435-e440.
17. Gillman MW. Breastfeeding and obesity — the 2011 scorecard. Int J Epidemiol 2011;40:681-4.
18. Jetté M, Sidney K, Blümchen G. Metabolic equivalents (METS) in exercise testing, exercise prescription, and evaluation of functional capacity. Clin Cardiol 1990; 13:555-65.
19. Bohlen JG, Held JP, Sanderson MO, Patterson RP. Heart rate, rate-pressure product, and oxygen uptake during four sexual activities. Arch Intern Med 1984; 144:1745-8.
20. Schlundt DG, Hill JO, Sbrocco T, Pope-Cordle J, Sharp T. The role of breakfast in the treatment of obesity: a randomized clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr 1992; 55:645-51.
21. Brisbois TD, Farmer AP, McCargar LJ. Early markers of adult obesity: a review. Obes Rev 2012;13:347-67.
22. Rolls BJ, Ello-Martin JA, Tohill BC. What can intervention studies tell us about the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and weight management? Nutr Rev 2004; 62:1-17.
23. Vasselli JR, Weindruch R, Heymsfield SB, et al. Intentional weight loss reduces mortality rate in a rodent model of dietary obesity. Obes Res 2005;13: 693-702.
24. Whybrow S, Mayer C, Kirk TR, Mazlan N, Stubbs RJ. Effects of two weeks’ mandatory snack consumption on energy intake and energy balance. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007; 15:673-85.
25. Ferdinand A, Sen B, Rahurkar S, Engler S, Menachemi N. The relationship between built environments and physical activity: a systematic review. Am J Public Health 2012; 102(10):e7-e13.
26. Hewitt JK. The genetics of obesity: what have genetic studies told us about the environment. Behav Genet 1997;27: 353-8.
27. Heymsfield SB. Energy intake: reduced as prescribed? Am J Clin Nutr 2011;94:3-4.
28. Carroll S, Dudfield M. What is the relationship between exercise and metabolic abnormalities? A review of the metabolic syndrome. Sports Med 2004;34: 371-418.
29. Wu T, Gao X, Chen M, van Dam RM. Long-term effectiveness of diet-plus-exercise interventions vs. diet-only interventions for weight loss: a meta-analysis. Obes Rev 2009; 10:313-23.
30. Middleton KM, Patidar SM, Perri MG. The impact of extended care on the long-term maintenance of weight loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obes Rev 2012; 13:509-17.
31. McLean N, Griffin S, Toney K, Hardeman  W. Family involvement in weight control, weight maintenance and weight-loss interventions: a systematic review of randomised trials. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2003; 27:987-1005.
32. Wing RR, Jeffery RW. Food provision as a strategy to promote weight loss. Obes Res 2001;9: Suppl 4:271S-275S.
33. Wright SM, Aronne LJ. Obesity in 2010: the future of obesity medicine: where do we go from here? Nat Rev Endocrinol 2011;7:69-70.
34. Sjöström L, Lindroos A-K, Peltonen M, et al. Lifestyle, diabetes, and cardiovascular risk factors 10 years after bariatric surgery. N Engl J Med 2004; 351:2683-93.
35. Hill JO, Wyatt HR, Peters JC. Energy balance and obesity. Circulation 2012; 126: 126-32.
36. Hall KD, Heymsfield SB, Kemnitz JW, Klein S, Schoeller DA, Speakman JR. Energy balance and its components: implications for body weight regulation. Am J Clin Nutr 2012;95:989-94.
37. Lilienfeld SO, Ammirti R, Landfield K. Giving debiasing away: can psychological  research on correcting cognitive errors promote human welfare? Perspect Psychol Sci 2007; 4:390-8.
38. Shermer M. Why people believe weird things: pseudoscience, superstition, and other confusions of our time. 3rd ed. London: Souvenir Press, 2007.
39. Kahneman D. Thinking fast and slow. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011.
40. Whately R. Elements of logic. 9th ed. London: Longman, Greens, 1875.



Para ver los comentarios de sus colegas o para expresar su opinión debe ingresar con su cuenta de IntraMed.

Términos y condiciones de uso | Todos los derechos reservados | Copyright 1997-2022