Un trastorno potencialmente mortal | 04 FEB 18

Hiperkalemia: diagnóstico y tratamiento

En este artículo se presentan el cuadro clínico de la hiperkalemia y una aproximación a su diagnóstico y tratamiento
INDICE:  1. Página 1 | 2. Referencias bibliográficas
Referencias bibliográficas

1. Palmer BF, Clegg DJ. Physiology and pathophysiology of potassium homeostasis. Adv Physiol Educ 2016; 40:480–490.

2. Palmer BF. Regulation of potassium homeostasis. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2015; 10:1050–1060.

3. Eaton SB, Konner M. Paleolithic nutrition. A consideration of its nature and current implications. N Engl J Med 1985; 312:283–289.

4. Sebastian A, Frassetto LA, Sellmeyer DE, Morris RC Jr. The evolution-informed optimal dietary potassium intake of human beings greatly exceeds current and recommended intakes. Semin Nephrol 2006; 26:447–453.

5. Palmer BF, Clegg DJ. Achieving the benefits of a high potassium, Paleolithic diet, without the toxicity. Mayo Clin Proc 2016; 91:496–508.

6. Liamis G, Liberopoulos E, Barkas F, Elisaf M. Spurious electrolyte disorders: a diagnostic challenge for clinicians. Am J Nephrol 2013; 38:50–57.

7. Mansoor S, Holtzman N, Emadi A. Reverse pseudohyperkalemia: an important clinical entity in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Case Rep Hematol 2015; 2015:930379.

8. Gelfand M, Zarate A, Knepshield J. Geophagia. A cause of life threatening hyperkalemia in patients with chronic renal failure. JAMA 1975; 234:738–740.

9. Abu-Hamdan D, Sondheimer J, Mahajan S. Cautopyreiophagia. Cause of life-threatening hyperkalemia in a patient undergoing hemodialysis. Am J Med 1985; 79:517–519.

10. Palmer BF, Clegg DJ. Electrolyte and acid-base disturbances in patients with diabetes mellitus. N Engl J Med 2015; 373:548–559.

11. Daphnis E, Stylianou K, Alexandrakis M, et al. Acute renal failure, translocational hyponatremia and hyperkalemia following intravenous immunoglobulin therapy. Nephron Clin Pract 2007; 106:c143–c148.

12. Choi M, Ziyadeh F. The utility of the transtubular potassium gradient in the evaluation of hyperkalemia. J Am Soc Nephrol 2008; 19:424–426.

13. Palmer BF. A physiologic-based approach to the evaluation of a patient with hyperkalemia. Am J Kidney Dis 2010; 56:387–393.

14. Stanton BA. Renal potassium transport: morphological and functional adaptations. Am J Physiol 1989; 257:R989–R997.

15. Hayes CP Jr, McLeod ME, Robinson RR. An extravenal mechanism for the maintenance of potassium balance in severe chronic renal failure. Trans Assoc Am Physicians 1967; 80:207–216.

16. Palmer BF. Managing hyperkalemia caused by inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. N Engl J Med 2004; 351:585–592.

17. Palmer BF. Renal dysfunction complicating treatment of hypertension. N Engl J Med 2002; 347:1256–1261.

18. Palmer BF. Renal complications associated with use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents. J Investig Med 1995; 43:516–533.



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