Trastornos somatoformes | 22 ENE 14
¿Cómo manejar los síntomas que no encuentran explicación?
Estos trastornos representan un motivo de consulta cotidiana y un problema difícil de resolver.
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Autor: Dres. Oliver Oyama, Catherine Paltoo, Julian Greengold Fuente: Traducción y resumen objetivo: Dra. Marta Papponetti. Especialista en Medicina Interna. Am Fam Physician 2007;76:1333-8.
INDICE:  1. Desarrollo | 2. Referencias
Referencias


1. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. rev. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.
2. Barsky AJ, Borus JF. Somatization and medicalization in the era of managed care. JAMA 1995;274:1931-4.
3. de Waal MW, Arnold IA, Eekhof JA, van Hemert AM. Somatoform disorders in general practice: prevalence, functional impairment and comorbidity with anxiety and depressive disorders. Br J Psychiatry 2004;184:470-6.
4. Righter EL, Sansone RA. Managing somatic preoccupation. Am Fam Physician 1999;59:3113-20.
5. Barsky AJ, Orav EJ, Bates DW. Somatization increases medical utilization and costs independent of psychiatric and medical comorbidity.Arch Gen Psychiatry 2005;62:903-10.
6. Hiller W, Fichter MM, Rief W. A controlled treatment study of somatoform disorders including analysis of healthcare utilization and  costeffectiveness. J Psychosom Res 2003;54:369-80.
7. Barsky AJ, Ettner SL, Horsky J, Bates DW. Resource utilization of patients with hypochondriacal health anxiety and somatization. Med Care 2001;39:705-15.
8. Chaturvedi SK, Desai G, Shaligram D. Somatoform disorders, somatisation and abnormal illness behaviour. Int Rev Psychiatry 2006;18:75-80.
9. Spitzer RL, Williams JB, Kroenke K, Linzer M, deGruy FV III, Hahn SR, et al. Utility of a new procedure for diagnosing mental disorders in primary care. The PRIME-MD 1000 study. JAMA 1994;272:1749-56.
10. Castle DJ, Rossell S, Kyrios M. Body dysmorphic disorder. Psychiatr Clin North Am 2006;29:521-38.
11. Salkovskis PM. Somatic problems. In: Hawton K, Salkovskis PM, Kirk J, Clark DM, eds. Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Psychiatric Problems: A Practical Guide. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 1989:235-76.
12. McCahill ME. Somatoform and related disorders: delivery of diagnosis as first step. Am Fam Physician 1995;52:193-204.
13. Servan-Schreiber D, Kolb NR, Tabas G. Somatizing patients: Part I.Practical diagnosis. Am Fam Physician 2000;61:1073-8.
14. Phillips KA, Siniscalchi JM, McElroy SL. Depression, anxiety, anger, and somatic symptoms in patients with body dysmorphic disorder. Psychiatr Q 2004;75:309-20.
15. Muller T, Mannel M, Murck H, Rahlfs VW. Treatment of somatoform disorders with St. John’s wort: a randomized, double-blind and placebo- controlled trial. Psychosom Med 2004;66:538-47.
16. Burton C. Beyond somatisation: a review of the understanding and treatment of medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). Br J Gen Pract 2003;53:231-9.
17. McLeod CC, Budd MA. Treatment of somatization in primary care: evaluation of the Personal Health Improvement Program. HMO Pract 1997;11:88-94.
18. McLeod CC, Budd MA, McClelland DC. Treatment of somatization in primary care. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 1997;19:251-8.
19. Speckens AE, van Hemert AM, Spinhoven P, Hawton KE, Bolk JH, Rooijmans HG. Cognitive behavioural therapy for medically unexplained physical symptoms: a randomised controlled trial. BMJ 1995;311:1328-32.
20. Warwick HM, Clark DM, Cobb AM, Salkovskis PM. A controlled trial of cognitive-behavioural treatment of hypochondriasis. Br J Psychiatry 1996;169:189-95.
21. Barsky AJ, Ahern DK. Cognitive behavior therapy for hypochondriasis: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2004;291:1464-70.
22. Allen LA, Woolfolk RL, Escobar JI, Gara MA, Hamer RM. Cognitivebehavioral therapy for somatization disorder: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med 2006;166:1512-8.
23. Smith GR Jr, Monson RA, Ray DC. Psychiatric consultation in somatisation disorder. A randomized controlled study. N Engl J Med 1986;314:1407-13.
24. van der Feltz-Cornelis CM, van Oppen P, Ader HJ, van Dyck R. Randomised controlled trial of a collaborative care model with psychiatric consultation for persistent medically unexplained symptoms in general practice. Psychother Psychosom 2006;75:282-9.
25. Margo KL, Margo GM. The problem of somatization in family practice. Am Fam Physician 1994;49:1873-9.
26. Smith GR Jr, Rost K, Kashner TM. A trial of the effect of a standardized psychiatric consultation on health outcomes and costs in somatising patients. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1995;52:238-43.
27. Goldberg RJ, Novack DH, Gask L. The recognition and management of somatization. What is needed in primary care training. Psychosomatics 1992;33:55-61.
28. Walker EA, Unutzer J, Katon WJ. Understanding and caring for the distressed patient with multiple medically unexplained symptoms. J Am Board Fam Pract 1998;11:347-56.
29. Gillette RD. Caring for frequent-visit patients. Fam Pract Manag 2003;10:57-62.
30. Gillette RD. “Problem patients”: a fresh look at an old vexation. Fam Pract Manag 2000;7:57-62.

 

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