Recomendaciones AHA / ASA para atención primaria | 28 SEP 21

Atención de adultos después de un accidente cerebrovascular

Declaración de la American Heart Association y la American Stroke Association sobre el papel de los médicos de atención primaria en el seguimiento del paciente después del accidente cerebrovascular.
Autor/a: Walter N. Kernan, Anthony J. Viera, Sandra A. Billinger, Dawn M. Bravata y otros. Stroke-A Scientific Statements July 18, 2021
INDICE:  1. Texto principal | 2. Referencias bibliográficas
Referencias bibliográficas

1. Lindsay P, Furie KL, Davis SM, Donnan GA, Norrving B. World Stroke Organization global stroke services guidelines and action plan. Int J Stroke. 2014;9(suppl A100):4–13. doi: 10.1111/ijs.12371

2. Cameron JI, O’Connell C, Foley N, Salter K, Booth R, Boyle R, Cheung D, Cooper N, Corriveau H, Dowlatshahi D, et al; Heart and Stroke Foundation Canadian Stroke Best Practice Committees. Canadian Stroke Best Practice Recommendations: managing transitions of care following Stroke, Guidelines Update 2016. Int J Stroke. 2016;11:807–822. doi: 10.1177/1747493016660102

3. McAlister FA, Majumdar SR, Padwal RS, Fradette M, Thompson A, Buck B, Dean N, Bakal JA, Tsuyuki R, Grover S, et al. Case management for blood pressure and lipid level control after minor stroke: PREVENTION randomized controlled trial. CMAJ. 2014;186:577–584. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.140053

4. Kissela BM, Khoury JC, Alwell K, Moomaw CJ, Woo D, Adeoye O, Flaherty ML, Khatri P, Ferioli S, De Los Rios La Rosa F, et al. Age at stroke: temporal trends in stroke incidence in a large, biracial population. Neurology.

2012;79:1781–1787. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e318270401d

5. Virani SS, Alonso A, Aparicio HJ, Benjamin EJ, Bittencourt MS, Callaway

CW, Carson AP, Chamberlain AM, Cheng S, Delling FN, et al; on behalf of the American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics—2021 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2021;143:e254–e743. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000950

6. Alexander GC, Kurlander J, Wynia MK. Physicians in retainer (“concierge”) practice. A national survey of physician, patient, and practice characteristics. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20:1079–1083. doi: 10.1111/j. 1525-1497.2005.0233.x

7. Pedersen RA, Petursson H, Hetlevik I. Stroke follow-up in primary care: a Norwegian modelling study on the implications of multimorbidity for guideline adherence. BMC Fam Pract. 2019;20:138. doi: 10.1186/s12875-019-1021-9

8. White H, Boden-Albala B, Wang C, Elkind MS, Rundek T, Wright CB, Sacco RL. Ischemic stroke subtype incidence among whites, blacks, and Hispanics: the Northern Manhattan Study. Circulation. 2005;111:1327–1331. doi: 10.1161/01.CIR.0000157736.19739.D0

9. Schneider AT, Kissela B, Woo D, Kleindorfer D, Alwell K, Miller R, Szaflarski J, Gebel J, Khoury J, Shukla R, et al. Ischemic stroke subtypes: a population- based study of incidence rates among blacks and whites. Stroke. 2004;35:1552–1556. doi: 10.1161/01.STR.0000129335.28301.f5 10. Starfield B. Primary Care: Concept, Evaluation, and Policy. Oxford University Press; 1992. 11. Epperly T, Bechtel C, Sweeney R, Greiner A, Grumbach K, Schilz J, Stream G, O’Connor M. The shared principles of primary care: a multistakeholder initiative to find a common voice. Fam Med. 2019;51:179–184. doi:

10.22454/FamMed.2019.925587 12. Bodenheimer T, Wagner EH, Grumbach K. Improving primary care for patients with chronic illness. JAMA. 2002;288:1775–1779. doi: 10.1001/jama.

288.14.1775

13. Holloway RG, Benesch C, Rush SR. Stroke prevention: narrowing the evidence-practice gap. Neurology. 2000;54:1899–1906. doi: 10.1212/ wnl.54.10.1899

14. Heuschmann PU, Kircher J, Nowe T, Dittrich R, Reiner Z, Cifkova R, Malojcic B, Mayer O, Bruthans J, Wloch-Kopec D, et al. Control of main risk factors after ischaemic stroke across Europe: data from the stroke-specific module of the EUROASPIRE III survey. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2015;22:1354–1362. doi: 10.1177/2047487314546825

15. Bravata DM, Myers LJ, Arling G, Miech EJ, Damush T, Sico JJ, Phipps MS, Zillich AJ, Yu Z, Reeves M, et al. Quality of care for veterans with transient ischemic attack and minor stroke. JAMA Neurol. 2018;75:419–427. doi:

10.1001/jamaneurol.2017.4648

16. Redfern J, McKevitt C, Dundas R, Rudd AG, Wolfe CD. Behavioral risk factor prevalence and lifestyle change after stroke: a prospective study. Stroke.

2000;31:1877–1881. doi: 10.1161/01.str.31.8.1877

17. Stuart AC, Sico JJ, Viscoli CM, Tayal AH, Inzucchi SE, Ford GA, Furie KL, Cote R, Spence JD, Tanne D, et al. Taking care of volunteers in a stroke trial: a new assisted-management strategy. Stroke Vasc Neurol. 2016;1:108–114. doi: 10.1136/svn-2016-000029

18. Razmara A, Ovbiagele B, Markovic D, Towfighi A. Patterns and predictors of blood pressure treatment, control, and outcomes among stroke survivors in the United States. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2016;25:857–865. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2015.12.027

19. Dearborn JL, Viscoli CM, Young LH, Gorman MJ, Furie KL, Kernan WN. Achievement of guideline-recommended weight loss among patients with

ischemic stroke and obesity. Stroke. 2019;50:713–717. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.024008

20. Philp I, Brainin M, Walker MF, Ward AB, Gillard P, Shields AL, Norrving B; Global Stroke Community Advisory Panel. Development of a poststroke checklist to standardize follow-up care for stroke survivors. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2013;22:e173–e180. doi: 10.1016/j. jstrokecerebrovasdis.2012.10.016

21. Baroletti S, Dell’Orfano H. Medication adherence in cardiovascular disease. Circulation. 2010;121:1455–1458. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA. 109.904003

22. Wagner EH. Organizing care for patients with chronic illness revisited. Milbank Q. 2019;97:659–664. doi: 10.1111/1468-0009.12416

23. Doyle C, Lennox L, Bell D. A systematic review of evidence on the links between patient experience and clinical safety and effectiveness. BMJ Open. 2013;3:e001570. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001570

24. Institute of Medicine Committee on Quality Healthcare in America . Crossing the Quality Chasm: a New Health System for the 21st Century. National Academies Press; 2001.

25. Jackson GL, Powers BJ, Chatterjee R, Bettger JP, Kemper AR, Hasselblad V, Dolor RJ, Irvine RJ, Heidenfelder BL, Kendrick AS, et al. The patient centered medical home. A systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2013;158:169–

178. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-158-3-201302050-00579

26. Johnston SC, Amarenco P, Denison H, Evans SR, Himmelmann A, James S, Knutsson M, Ladenvall P, Molina CA, Wang Y; THALES Investigators. Ticagrelor and aspirin or aspirin alone in acute ischemic stroke or TIA. N Engl J Med. 2020;383:207–217. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1916870

27. Johnston SC. Clinical practice. Transient ischemic attack. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:1687–1692. doi: 10.1056/NEJMcp020891

28. Cabral NL, Muller M, Franco SC, Longo A, Moro C, Nagel V, Liberato RB, Garcia AC, Venancio VG, Gonçalves AR. Three-year survival and recurrence after first-ever stroke: the Joinville stroke registry. BMC Neurol. 2015;15:70.

doi: 10.1186/s12883-015-0317-1

29. Boulanger M, Bejot Y, Rothwell PM, Touze E. Long-term risk of myocardial infarction compared to recurrent stroke after transient ischemic attack and

ischemic stroke: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018;7:e007267. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.117.007267

30. Terman SW, Reeves MJ, Skolarus LE, Burke JF. Association between early outpatient visits and readmissions after ischemic stroke. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2018;11:e004024. doi: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES. 117.004024

31. Allen A, Barron T, Mo A, Tangel R, Linde R, Grim R, Mingle J, Deibert E. Impact of neurological follow-up on early hospital readmission rates for acute ischemic stroke. Neurohospitalist. 2017;7:127–131. doi: 10.1177/1941874416684456

32. Bettger J, Thomas L, Li L. Comparing Recovery Options for Stroke Patients.

Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI); 2019.

33. Deleted in proof.

34. Howard G, Schwamm LH, Donnelly JP, Howard VJ, Jasne A, Smith EE, Rhodes JD, Kissela BM, Fonarow GC, Kleindorfer DO, et al. Participation in Get With The Guidelines-Stroke and its association with quality of care for stroke. JAMA Neurol. 2018;75:1331–1337. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.2101

35. Kopunek SP, Michael KM, Shaughnessy M, Resnick B, Nahm ES, Whitall J, Goldberg A, Macko RF. Cardiovascular risk in survivors of stroke. Am J Prev Med. 2007;32:408–412. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.01.021 36. Sanna T, Diener HC, Passman RS, Di Lazzaro V, Bernstein RA, Morillo CA, Rymer MM, Thijs V, Rogers T, Beckers F, et al; CRYSTAL AF Investigators. Cryptogenic stroke and underlying atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med.

2014;370:2478–2486. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1313600

37. Johnston SC, Easton JD, Farrant M, Barsan W, Conwit RA, Elm JJ, Kim AS, Lindblad AS, Palesch YY; Clinical Research Collaboration, Neurological Emergencies Treatment Trials Network, and the POINT Investigators. Clopidogrel and aspirin in acute ischemic stroke and high-risk TIA. N Engl J Med. 2018;379:215–225. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1800410 38.

38. Kleindorfer DO, Towfighi A, Chaturvedi S, Cockroft KM, Gutierrez J, Lombardi-Hill D, Kamel H, Kernan WN, Kittner SJ, Leira EC, et al.

2021 Guideline for the prevention of stroke in patients with stroke and transient ischemic attack: a guideline from the American Heart Association/ American Stroke Association. Stroke 2021;52:e364–e467. doi: 10.1161/STR.0000000000000375

39. Derdeyn CP, Chimowitz MI, Lynn MJ, Fiorella D, Turan TN, Janis LS, Montgomery J, Nizam A, Lane BF, Lutsep HL, et al; Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent Stroke in Intracranial Stenosis Trial Investigators. Aggressive medical treatment with or without stenting in high-risk patients with intracranial artery stenosis (SAMMPRIS):the final results of a randomised trial. Lancet. 2014;383:333–341. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62038-3

40. Knoflach M, Matosevic B, Rücker M, Furtner M, Mair A, Wille G, Zangerle A, Werner P, Ferrari J, Schmidauer C, et al; Austrian Stroke Unit Registry Collaborators. Functional recovery after ischemic stroke–a matter of age: data from the Austrian Stroke Unit Registry. Neurology. 2012;78:279–285. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31824367ab

41. Ganesh A, Luengo-Fernandez R, Wharton RM, Rothwell PM; Oxford Vascular Study. Ordinal vs dichotomous analyses of modified Rankin scale, 5-year outcome, and cost of stroke. Neurology. 2018;91:e1951–e1960. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006554

42. Pindus DM, Mullis R, Lim L, Wellwood I, Rundell AV, Abd Aziz NA, Mant J. Stroke survivors’ and informal caregivers’ experiences of primary care and community healthcare services – a systematic review and meta-ethnography.

PLoS One. 2018;13:e0192533. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192533

43. Murray J, Young J, Forster A, Herbert G, Ashworth R. Feasibility study of a primary care-based model for stroke aftercare. Br J Gen Pract. 2006;56:775–780.

44. Riegel B, Moser DK, Buck HG, Dickson VV, Dunbar SB, Lee CS, Lennie TA, Lindenfeld J, Mitchell JE, Treat-Jacobson DJ, et al; on behalf of the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease; and Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research. Self-care for the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease: a scientific statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017;6:e006997. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.117.006997

45. Cumming TB, Blomstrand C, Skoog I, Linden T. The high prevalence of anxiety disorders after stroke. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2016;24:154–160. doi: 10.1016/j.jagp.2015.06.003

46. Kumar S, Selim MH, Caplan LR. Medical complications after stroke. Lancet Neurol. 2010;9:105–118. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(09)70266-2

47. Hinkle JL, Becker KJ, Kim JS, Choi-Kwon S, Saban KL, McNair N, Mead GE; on behalf of the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing and Stroke Council. Poststroke fatigue: emerging evidence and approaches to management: a scientific statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. Stroke. 2017;48:e159–e170. doi: 10.1161/STR.0000000000000132

48. Towfighi A, Ovbiagele B, El Husseini N, Hackett ML, Jorge RE, Kissela BM, Mitchell PH, Skolarus LE, Whooley MA, Williams LS; on behalf of the American Heart Association Stroke Council; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; and Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research. Poststroke depression: a scientific statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke  Association. Stroke.2017;48:e30–e43. doi: 10.1161/STR.0000000000000113

49. Liu TW, Ng GYF, Chung RCK, Ng SSM. Decreasing fear of falling in chronic stroke survivors through cognitive behavior therapy and task-oriented training. Stroke. 2019;50:148–154. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.022406 50. Leppert MH, Sillau S, Lindrooth RC, Poisson SN, Campbell JD, Simpson JR. Relationship between early follow-up and readmission within 30 and 90 days after ischemic stroke. Neurology. 2020;94:e1249–e1258. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000009135 }51. Murray J, Young J, Forster A, Ashworth R. Developing a primary care-based stroke model: the prevalence of longer-term problems experienced by patients and carers. Br J Gen Pract. 2003;53:803–807.

52. Chen T, Zhang B, Deng Y, Fan J-C, Zhang L, Song F. Long-term unmet needs after stroke: systematic review of evidence from survey studies. BMJ Open. 2019;9:e028137. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028137

53. Hotter B, Padberg I, Liebenau A, Knispel P, Heel S, Steube D, Wissel J, Wellwood I, Meisel A. Identifying unmet needs in long-term stroke care using in-depth assessment and the Post-Stroke Checklist – The Managing Aftercare for Stroke (MAS-I) study. Eur Stroke J. 2018;3:237–245. doi: 10.1177/2396987318771174

54. Turner GM, Mullis R, Lim L, Kreit L, Mant J. Using a checklist to facilitate management of long-term care needs after stroke: insights from focus groups and a feasibility study. BMC Fam Pract. 2019;20:2. doi: 10.1186/s12875-018-0894-3

55. Ekstam L, Johansson U, Guidetti S, Eriksson G, Ytterberg C. The combined perceptions of people with stroke and their carers regarding rehabilitation needs 1 year after stroke: a mixed methods study. BMJ Open. 2015;5:e006784. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006784

56. Ullberg T, Zia E, Petersson J, Norrving B. Perceived unmet rehabilitation needs 1 year after stroke: an observational study from the Swedish Stroke Register. Stroke. 2016;47:539–541. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.011670

57. Bushnell CD, Olson DM, Zhao X, Pan W, Zimmer LO, Goldstein LB, Alberts MJ, Fagan SC, Fonarow GC, Johnston SC, et al; AVAIL Investigators. Secondary

preventive medication persistence and adherence 1 year after stroke. Neurology.

2011;77:1182–1190. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31822f0423 58. Dalli LL, Kim J, Thrift AG, Andrew NE, Sanfilippo FM, Lopez D, Grimley R, Lannin NA, Wong L, Lindley RI, et al; AuSCR  Consortium. Patterns of use and discontinuation of secondary prevention medications after stroke. Neurology. 2021;96:e30–e41. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000011083

59. Kronish IM, Diefenbach MA, Edmondson DE, Phillips LA, Fei K, Horowitz CR. Key barriers to medication adherence in survivors of strokes and transient ischemic attacks. J Gen Intern Med. 2013;28:675–682. doi: 10.1007/s11606-012-2308-x

60. Marshall IJ, Wang Y, Crichton S, McKevitt C, Rudd AG, Wolfe CD. The effects of socioeconomic status on stroke risk and outcomes. Lancet Neurol.2015;14:1206–1218. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(15)00200-8

 

Comentarios

Para ver los comentarios de sus colegas o para expresar su opinión debe ingresar con su cuenta de IntraMed.

CONTENIDOS RELACIONADOS
AAIP RNBD
Términos y condiciones de uso | Todos los derechos reservados | Copyright 1997-2022