¿Se puede evitar la cirugía? | 03 NOV 19

Pacientes con litiasis biliar sintomática no complicada

Una proporción de pacientes con cálculos biliares no complicados que inicialmente reciben un tratamiento conservador puede que nunca requieran cirugía
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Autor: M. Brazzelli, A. Avenell y colaboradores BMJ 2019;367:l5709
INDICE:  1. Página 1 | 2. Referencias bibliográficas
Referencias bibliográficas

1 Everhart JE, Khare M, Hill M, Maurer KR. Prevalence and ethnic differences in gallbladder
disease in the United States. Gastroenterology 1999;117:632-9. 10.1016/S0016-5085(99)70456-7 10464139

2 Heaton KW, Braddon FEM, Mountford RA, Hughes AO, Emmett PM. Symptomatic and silent gall stones in the community. Gut 1991;32:316-20. 10.1136/gut.32.3.316 2013429

3 Williams JG, Roberts SE, Ali MF, etal . Gastroenterology services in the UK. The burden of disease, and the organisation and delivery of services for gastrointestinal and liver disorders: a review of the evidence. Gut 2007;56(Suppl 1):1-113. 10.1136/gut.2006.117598 17303614

4 Portincasa P, Moschetta A, Palasciano G. Cholesterol gallstone disease. Lancet 2006;368:230-9. 10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69044-2 16844493

5 Stinton LM, Myers RP, Shaffer EA. Epidemiology of gallstones. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 2010;39:157-69, vii. 10.1016/j.gtc.2010.02.003 20478480

6 Festi D, Reggiani MLB, Attili AF, etal . Natural history of gallstone disease: Expectant management or active treatment? Results from a population-based cohort study. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2010;25:719-24. 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2009.06146.x 20492328

7 NHS. Overview: gallstones. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/gallstones/.

8 National Institutes of Health. Gallstones and laparoscopic cholecystectomy: NIH consensus statement. 1992. https://consensus.nih.gov/1992/1992gallstoneslaparoscopy090html.htm.

9 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Gallstone disease: diagnosis and management (clinical guideline CG188). 2014. www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg188.

10 SAGES. Guidelines for the clinical application of laparoscopic biliary tract surgery. 2010. https://www.sages.org/publications/guidelines/guidelines-for-the-clinical-application-of-laparoscopic-biliary-tract-surgery/.

11 Lamberts MP, Lugtenberg M, Rovers MM, etal . Persistent and de novo symptoms after cholecystectomy: a systematic review of cholecystectomy effectiveness. Surg Endosc 2013;27:709-18. 10.1007/s00464-012-2516-9 23052498

12 CholeS Study Group, West Midlands Research Collaborative. Population-based cohort study of outcomes following cholecystectomy for benign gallbladder diseases. Br J Surg 2016;103:1704-15. 10.1002/bjs.10287 27561954

13 The National Archives. Hospital admitted patient care activity, 2015-2016. http://www.content.digital.nhs.uk/catalogue/PUB22378.

14 GOV.UK. NHS reference costs 2015 to 2016. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/nhs-reference-costs-2015-to-2016.

15 Schmidt M, Søndenaa K, Vetrhus M, Berhane T, Eide GE. A randomized controlled study of uncomplicated gallstone disease with a 14-year follow-up showed that operation was the preferred treatment. Dig Surg 2011;28:270-6. 10.1159/000329464. 21757915

16 Schmidt M, Søndenaa K, Vetrhus M, Berhane T, Eide GE. Long-term follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of observation versus surgery for acute cholecystitis: non-operative management is an option in some patients. Scand J Gastroenterol 2011;46:1257-62. 10.3109/00365521.2011.598548 21736531

17 Gracie WA, Ransohoff DF. The natural history of silent gallstones: the innocent gallstone is not a myth. N Engl J Med 1982;307:798-800. 10.1056/NEJM198209233071305 7110244

18 Attili AF, De Santis A, Capri R, Repice AM, Maselli SThe GREPCO Group. The natural history of gallstones: the GREPCO experience. Hepatology 1995;21:656-60. 10.1002/hep.1840210309 7875663

19 Cochrane Training. Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions. Version 5.1.0. 2011. https://training.cochrane.org/handbook.

20 Brazzelli M, Cruickshank M, Kilonzo M, etal . Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cholecystectomy compared with observation/conservative management for preventing recurrent symptoms and complications in adults presenting with uncomplicated symptomatic gallstones or cholecystitis: a systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2014;18:1-101, v-vi. 10.3310/hta18550 25164349

21 National Institute for Health Research. A randomised controlled trial comparing the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic cholecystectomy compared with observation/conservative management for preventing recurrent symptoms and complications in adults with uncomplicated symptomatic gallstones (C-Gall). https://www.journalslibrary.nihr.ac.uk/programmes/hta/1419271#/.

 

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