1 Brandt AM. No Magic Bullet: A social history of venereal disease in the United States since 1880. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.
2 Newman L, Rowley J, Hoorn SV, et al. Global estimates of the prevalence and incidence of four curable sexually transmitted infections in 2012 based on systematic review and global reporting. PLoS One: doi; 10.1371/journal.pone.0143304.
3 WHO. Report on global sexually transmitted infection surveillance 2015. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2016
4 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2014. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, 2015.
5 Public Health England. Infection Report: Sexually Transmitted Infections. London: Public Health England, 2015.
6 Sparling PF, Swartz MN, Musher DM, Healy BP. Clinical Manifestations of syphilis. In: Holmes KK, Sparling PF, Stamm WE, et al, eds. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, fourth edn. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008: pp 661–84.
7 Hutchinson CM, Rompalo AM, Reichart CA, Hook EW III. Characteristics of patients with syphilis patients attending Baltimore STD clinics: multiple high risk subgroups and interactions with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Arch Intern Med 1991; 151: 511–16.
8 Phipps W, Kent CK, Kohn R, Klausner JD. Risk factors for repeat syphilis in men who have sex with men, San Francisco. Sex Transm Dis 2009; 36: 331–35.
9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Notes from the field: Repeat syphilis infection and HIV coinfection among men who have sex with men—Baltimore, Maryland, 2010–2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2013; 62: 649–50.
10 Grassly NC, Fraser C, Garnett GP. Host immunity and synchronized epidemics of syphilis across the United States. Nature 2005; 433: 417–21.
11 Darrow WW, Echenberg DF, Jaffe HW, et al. Risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in homosexual men. Am J Public Health 1987; 77: 479–83
12 Hook EW III. Syphilis and HIV infection. J Infect Dis 1989; 160: 530–34.
13 Stamm WE, Handsfield HH, Rompalo AM, Ashley RL, Roberts PL, Corey L. The association between genital ulcer disease and the acquisition of HIV infection in homosexual men. JAMA 1988;260: 1429–33.
14 Peterman TA, Newman DR, Maddox L, Schmitt K, Shiver S. High risk for HIV following syphilis diagnosis among men in Florida, 2000-2011. Public Health Rep 2014: 129: 164–69.
15 Pathela P, Braunstein SL, Blank S, Shepard C, Schillinger JA. The high risk of HIV diagnosis following a diagnosis of syphilis: a population-level analysis of New York City men. Clin Infect Dis 2015; 61: 281–87.
16 Hutchinson CM, Hook EW III, Shepherd M, Verley J, Rompalo AM. Altered clinical presentations and manifestations of early syphilis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Ann Intern Med 1994; 121: 94–99.
17 Rolfs RT, Joesoef MR, Hendershot EF, et al. The syphilis and HIV Study Group. A randomized trial of enhanced therapy for early syphilis in patients with and without human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Engl J Med 1997; 337: 307–14.
18 Giacani L, Lukehart SA. The endemic treponematoses. Clin Microbiol Rev 2014; 27: 89–115.
19 Parran T. Shadow on the Land. Syphilis. New York: Reynal and Hitchcock, 1937.
20 Hook EW III, Marra CM. Acquired syphilis in adults. N Engl J Med 1992; 326: 1060–69.
21 Mertz KJ, Trees D, Levine WC, et al. Etiology of genital ulcers and prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus coinfection in 10 US cities. J Infect Dis 1998; 178: 1795–98.
22 Gjestland T. The Oslo study of untreated syphilis: An epidemiologic investigation of the natural course of syphilitic infection based on a restudy of the Boeck-Bruusgaard material. J Chronic Dis 1955;2: 311–44.
23 Workowski KA, Bolan GA. Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2015. MMWR Recomm Rep 2015; 64: 1–137.
Para ver los comentarios de sus colegas o para expresar su opinión debe ingresar con su cuenta de IntraMed.