Diagnóstico y tratamiento actualizado | 28 SEP 16

Accidente cerebrovascular

La última década ha sido testigo de avances extraordinarios en el tratamiento y la prevención del ACV.
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Autor: Graeme J Hankey The Lancet -13 September 2016
INDICE:  1. Página 1 | 2. Referencias bibliográficas
Referencias bibliográficas

Referencias

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83 Wong KS, Wang Y, Leng X, et al. Early dual versus mono antiplatelet therapy for acute non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Circulation 2013; 128: 1656–66.

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89 Sudlow CL, Mason G, Maurice JB, Wedderburn CJ, Hankey GJ. Thienopyridine derivatives versus aspirin for preventing stroke and other serious vascular events in high vascular risk patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009; 4: CD001246.

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92 Kamal AK, Naqvi I, Husain MR, Khealani BA. Cilostazol versus aspirin for secondary prevention of vascular events after stroke of arterial origin. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2011; 1: CD008076.

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94 Amarenco P, Labreuche J. Lipid management in the prevention of stroke: review and updated meta-analysis of statins for stroke prevention. Lancet Neurol 2009; 8: 453–63.

95 Saxena R, Koudstaal PJ. Anticoagulants for preventing stroke in patients with nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation and a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004; 2: CD000185.

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97 Holmes DR Jr, Doshi SK, Kar S, et al. Left atrial appendage closure as an alternative to warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fi brillation: a patient-level meta-analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol 2015; 65: 2614–23.

98 Kent DM, Dahabreh JH, Ruthazer R, et al. Device closure of patent foramen ovale after stroke: Pooled analysis from all completed randomized trials. J Am Coll Cardiol 2016; 67: 907–17.

99 Wang Y, Zhao X, Lin J, et al for the CHANCE investigators. Loss-of-function allele status and effi cacy of clopidogrel for risk reduction among patients with minor stroke or transient ischemic attack. JAMA 2016; 316: 70–78.

100 Lee M, Saver JL, Hong KS, Rao NM, Wu YL, Ovbiagele B. Risk-benefi t profi le of long-term dual- versus single-antiplatelet therapy among patients with ischemic stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med 2013; 159: 463–70.

101 Sandercock PA, Counsell C, Kane EJ. Anticoagulants for acute ischaemic stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015; 3: CD000024.

102 Whiteley WN, Adams HP Jr, Bath PM, et al. Targeted use of heparin, heparinoids, or low-molecular-weight heparin to improve outcome after acute ischaemic stroke: an individual patient data meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Lancet Neurol 2013; 12: 539–45.

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104 Rothwell PM, Mehta Z, Howard SC, et al. From subgroups to individuals: general principles and the example of carotid endarterectomy. Lancet 2005; 365: 256–65.

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108 Compter A, van der Worp HB, Schonewille WJ, et al, for the VAST investigators. Stenting versus medical treatment in patients with symptomatic vertebral artery stenosis: a randomised open-label phase 2 trial. Lancet Neurol 2015; 14: 606–14.

109 Esposito G, Amin-Hanjani S, Regli L. Role of and indications for bypass surgery after Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study (COSS)? Stroke 2016; 47: 282–90.

110 Odden MC, McClure LA, Sawaya BP, et al. Achieved Blood Pressure and Outcomes in the Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes Trial. Hypertension 2016; 67: 63–69.

111 Webb AJ, Rothwell PM. Eff ect of dose and combination of antihypertensives on interindividual blood pressure variability: a systematic review. Stroke 2011; 42: 2860–65.

112 Seidu S, Achana FA, Gray LJ, Davies MJ, Khunti K. Eff ects of glucose-lowering and multifactorial interventions on cardiovascular and mortality outcomes: a meta-analysis of randomized control trials. Diabet Med 2016; 33: 280–89.

113 Tuccori M, Filion KB, Yin H, Yu OH, Platt RW, Azoulay L. Pioglitazone use and risk of bladder cancer: population based cohort study. BMJ 2016; 352: i1541.

114 Marti-Carvajal AJ, Sola I, Lathyris D. Homocysteine-lowering interventions for preventing cardiovascular events. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015; 1: CD006612.

115 Boardman HM, Hartley L, Eisinga A, et al. Hormone therapy for preventing cardiovascular disease in post-menopausal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015; 3: CD002229.

116 Lennon O, Galvin R, Smith K, Doody C, Blake C. Lifestyle interventions for secondary disease prevention in stroke and transient ischaemic attack: a systematic review. Eur J Prev Cardiol 2014; 21: 1026–39.

117 Lawrence M, Pringle J, Kerr S, Booth J, Govan L, Roberts NJ. Multimodal secondary prevention behavioral interventions for TIA and stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 2015; 10: e0120902.

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119 Paciaroni M, Agnelli G, Falocci N, et al. Early recurrence and cerebral bleeding in patients with acute ischemic stroke and atrial fibrillation: eff ect of anticoagulation and its timing: the RAF Study. Stroke 2015; 46: 2175–82.

120 Hijazi Z, Oldgren J, Lindback J, et al, for the ARISTOTLE and RE-LY Investigators. The novel biomarker-based ABC (age, biomarkers, clinical history)-bleeding risk score for patients with atrial fi brillation: a derivation and validation study. Lancet 2016; 387: 2302–11.

121 Kent DM, Dahabreh IJ, Ruthazer R, et al. Anticoagulant vs. antiplatelet therapy in patients with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale: an individual participant data meta-analysis. Eur Heart J 2015; 36: 2381–89.

122 Hebert D, Lindsay MP, McIntyre A, et al. Canadian stroke best practice recommendations: Stroke rehabilitation practice guidelines, update 2015. Int J Stroke 2016; 11: 459–84.

123 Pollock A, Baer G, Campbell P, et al. Physical rehabilitation approaches for the recovery of function and mobility following stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014; 4: CD001920.

124 Bernhardt J, Langhorne P, Lindley RI, et al, for the AVERT Trial Collaboration group. Effi cacy and safety of very early mobilization within 24 h of stroke onset (AVERT): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2015; 386: 46–55.

125 Pollock A, Farmer SE, Brady MC, et al. Interventions for improving upper limb function after stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014; 11: CD010820.

126 Winstein CJ, Wolf SL, Dromerick AW. Eff ect of a task-orientated rehabilitation program on upper extremity recovery following motor stroke. The ICARE randomised clinical trial. JAMA 2016; 315: 571–81.

127 Mehrholz J, Pohl M, Platz T, Kugler J, Elsner B. Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training for improving activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength after stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015; 11: CD006876.

128 Saunders DH, Sanderson M, Brazzelli M, Greig CA, Mead GE. Physical fitness training for stroke patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013; 10: CD003316.

129 Mehrholz J, Pohl M, Elsner B. Treadmill training and body weight support for walking after stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014; 1: CD002840.

130 Bradt J, Magee WL, Dileo C, Wheeler BL, McGilloway E. Music therapy for acquired brain injury. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010; 7: CD006787.

131 Gracies JM, Brashear A, Jech R, et al. for the International AbobotulinumtoxinA Adult Upper Limb Spasticity Study Group. Safety and effi cacy of abobotulinumtoxinA for hemiparesis in adults with upper limb spasticity after stroke or traumatic brain injury: a double-blind randomised controlled trial. Lancet Neurol 2015; 14: 992–1001.

132 Stein C, Fritsch CG, Robinson C, Sbruzzi G, Plentz RD. Eff ects of Electrical Stimulation in Spastic Muscles After Stroke: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Stroke 2015; 46: 2197–205.

133 Brady MC, Kelly H, Godwin J, Enderby P, Campbell P. Speech and language therapy for aphasia following stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016; 6: CD000425.

134 Elsner B, Kugler J, Pohl M, Mehrholz J. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving aphasia in patients with aphasia after stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015; 5: CD009760.

135 Loetscher T, Lincoln NB. Cognitive rehabilitation for attention defi cits following stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013; 5: CD002842.

136 Chung CS, Pollock A, Campbell T, Durward BR, Hagen S. Cognitive rehabilitation for executive dysfunction in adults with stroke or other adult non-progressive acquired brain damage. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013; 4: CD008391.

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