1. Marcus, M., Yasamy, M. T., van Ommeren, M., Chisholm, D. & Saxena, S. Depression: a global public health concern Vol. 1. WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse 6–8 (2012).
2. López, A. D. & Murray, C. J. The Global Burden of Disease: A Comprehensive Assesment of Mortality and Disability from Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors in 1990 and Projected to 2020 (Harvard School of Public of Public Health, 1996).
3. National Institutes of Health. The Numbers Count: Mental Disorders in America (NIH Publication no. 01-4584) (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, 2014).
4. Weissman, M. M. & Olfson, M. Depression in women: implications for health care research. Science 269, 799 (1995).
5. Desai, H. D. & Jann, M. W. Major depression in women: a review of the literature. J. Am. Pharm. Assoc. 40, 525–537 (1999).
6. World Health Organization Department of Mental Health and Substance Dependence. Gender Disparities in Mental Health (World Health Organization, Geneva, 2013).
7. Doyal, L. Sex, gender, and health: the need for a new approach. Br. Med. J. 323, 1061 (2001).
8. Pinn, V. W. Sex and gender factors in medical studies: implications for health and clinical practice. JAMA 289, 397–400 (2003).
9. Vlassoff, C. Gender differences in determinants and consequences of health and illness. J. Health Popul. Nutr. 25, 47–61 (2007).
10. Gahagan, J., Gray, K. & Whynacht, A. Sex and gender matter in health research: addressing health inequities in health research reporting. Int. J. Equity Health 14, 1 (2015). Yu Translational Psychiatry (2018) 8:98 Page 8 of 10
11. Sanders, A. R., Detera-Wadleigh, S. D., & Gershon, E. S. Molecular genetics of mood disorders. In: Charney DDS, Nestler EJ, Bunney ES, eds. Neurobiology of Mental Illness. 1st ed. New York: Oxford; 1999:299-316.
12. Sullivan, P. F., Neale, M. C. & Kendler, K. S. Genetic epidemiology of major depression: review and meta-analysis. Am. J. Psychiatry 157, 1552–1562 (2000).
13. Fava, M. & Kendler, K. S. Major depressive disorder. Neuron 28, 335–341 (2000).
14. Canli, T., Desmond, J. E., Zhao, Z. & Gabrieli, J. D. Sex differences in the neural basis of emotional memories. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 99, 10789–10794 (2002).
15. Ruigrok, A. N. et al. A meta-analysis of sex differences in human brain structure. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 39, 34–50 (2014).
16. Eagly, A. H. & Wood, W. The origins of sex differences in human behavior: evolved dispositions versus social roles. Am. Psychol. 54, 408 (1999).
17. Courtenay, W. H. Constructions of masculinity and their influence on men’s well-being: a theory of gender and health. Soc. Sci. Med. 50, 1385–1401 (2000).
18. Evans, J., Frank, B., Oliffe, J. L. & Gregory, D. Health, illness, men and masculinities (HIMM): a theoretical framework for understanding men and their health. J. Men’s Health 8, 7–15 (2011).
19. Emslie, C., Ridge, D., Ziebland, S. & Hunt, K. Men’s accounts of depression: reconstructing or resisting hegemonic masculinity? Soc. Sci. Med. 62, 2246–2257 (2006).
20. Goldstein, J. M., Jerram, M., Abbs, B., Whitfield-Gabrieli, S. & Makris, N. Sex differences in stress response circuitry activation dependent on female hormonal cycle. J. Neurosci. 30, 431–438 (2010).
21. Chua, P. & Fujino, D. C. Negotiating new Asian-American masculinities: attitudes and gender expectations. J. Men’s Stud. 7, 391–413 (1999).
22. Pleck, J. H. The gender role strain paradigm: an update. In: Levant RF, Pollack WS. eds. A New Psychology of Men, New York: Basic Books, 11–32 (1995).
23. Maume, D. J. & Ruppanner, L. State liberalism, female supervisors, and the gender wage gap. Soc. Sci. Res. 50, 126–138 (2015).
24. Platt, J., Prins, S., Bates, L. & Keyes, K. Unequal depression for equal work? How the wage gap explains gendered disparities in mood disorders. Soc. Sci. Med. 149, 1–8 (2016).
25. Orloff, A. S. Gender and the social rights of citizenship: the comparative analysis of gender relations and welfare states. Am. Sociol. Rev. 58, 303–328 (1993).
26. Moss, N. E. Gender equity and socioeconomic inequality: a framework for the patterning of women’s health. Soc. Sci. Med. 54, 649–661 (2002).
27. Walby, S., Allen, J., Simmons, J. Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault and Stalking: Findings from the British Crime Survey (Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, London, 2004).
28. Borrell, C. et al. Influence of macrosocial policies on women’s health and gender inequalities in health. Epidemiol. Rev. 36, 31–48 (2014).
29. World Health Organization. Gender Differences in the Epidemiology of Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (World Health Organization, Geneva, 1997).
30. World Health Organization. Women’s Mental Health: An Evidence Based Review (World Health Organization, Geneva, 2000).
31. Van de Velde, S., Huijts, T., Bracke, P. & Bambra, C. Macro-level gender equality and depression in men and women in Europe. Sociol. Health Illn. 35, 682–698 (2013).
32. Hopcroft, R. L. & Bradley, D. B. The sex difference in depression across 29 countries. Social. Forces 85, 1483–1507 (2007).
33. Hagen, E. H. & Rosenström, T. Explaining the sex difference in depression with a unified bargaining model of anger and depression. Evol. Med. Public Health 2016, 117–132 (2016).
34. Seedat, S. et al. Cross-national associations between gender and mental disorders in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 66, 785–795 (2009).
35. Reiss, F. Socioeconomic inequalities and mental health problems in children and adolescents: a systematic review. Soc. Sci. Med. 90, 24–31 (2013).
36. Marmot, M. & Bell, R. Fair society, healthy lives. Public. Health 126, S4–S10 (2012).
37. Wilkinson, R. & Pickett, K. The Spirit Level: Why Equality is Better for Everyone (Penguin UK, 2010).
38. Black, R. E. et al. Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in lowincome and middle-income countries. Lancet 382, 427–451 (2013).
39. Eckersley, R. Beyond inequality: acknowledging the complexity of social determinants of health. Soc. Sci. Med. 147, 121–125 (2015).
40. Foverskov, E. & Holm, A. Socioeconomic inequality in health in the British household panel: tests of the social causation, health selection and the indirect selection hypothesis using dynamic fixed effects panel models. Soc. Sci. Med. 150, 172–183 (2016).
41. Undurraga, E. A., Behrman, J. R., Leonard, W. R. & Godoy, R. A. The effects of community income inequality on health: evidence from a randomized control trial in the Bolivian Amazon. Soc. Sci. Med. 149, 66–75 (2016).
42. Bhargava, A., Jamison, D. T., Lau, L. J. & Murray, C. J. Modeling the effects of health on economic growth. J. Health Econ. 20, 423–440 (2001).
43. Pickett, K. E. & Wilkinson, R. G. Inequality: an underacknowledged source of mental illness and distress. Br. J. Psychiatry 197, 426–428 (2010).
44. Murali, V. & Oyebode, F. Poverty, social inequality and mental health. Adv. Psychiatr. Treat. 10, 216–224 (2004).
45. Ramon, S. Inequality in mental health: The relevance of current research and understanding to potentially effective social work responses. Radic. Psychol. 6, 1–23 (2007).
46. World Health Organization. Mental health: responding to the call for action, report by the Secretariat Vol. 55. 55th World Health Assembly A (World Health Organization, Geneva, 2002).
47. World Health Organization. Mental health action plan 2013–2020. (2013) http://www.who.int/mental_health/publications/action_plan/en/.
48. Gitto, L., Noh, Y.-H. & Andrés, A. R. An Instrumental Variable Probit (IVP) analysis on depressed mood in Korea: the impact of gender differences and other socio-economic factors. Int. J. Health Policy Manag. 4, 523 (2015).
49. Seguino, S. Gender inequality and economic growth: a cross-country analysis. World Dev. 28, 1211–1230 (2000).
50. Bhan, N., Rao, K. D. & Kachwaha, S. Health inequalities research in India: a review of trends and themes in the literature since the 1990s. Int. J. Equity Health 15, 166 (2016).
51. Cheng, H. G. et al. Social correlates of mental, neurological, and substance use disorders in China and India: a review. Lancet Psychiatry 3, 882–899 (2016).
52. Schwab, K. & Sala-i-Martin, X. The Global Competitiveness Report 2013–2014 Full data edn (World Economic Forum, 2015).
53. Seth, S. Inequality, interactions, and human development. J. Human Dev. Capab. 10, 375–396 (2009).
54. Hausmann, R., Tyson, L. & Zahidi, S. The Global Gender Gap Report (World Economic Forum, 2009).
55. World Health Organization. The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria for Research, Vol. 2 (World Health Organization, Geneva, 1993).
56. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®) (American Psychiatric Association, Arlington, VA, 2013).
57. Whiteford, H. A. et al. Global burden of disease attributable to mental and substance use disorders: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet 382, 1575–1586 (2013).
58. Murray, C. & Lopez, A. D. Quantifying disability: data, methods and results. Bull. World Health Organ. 72, 481 (1994).
59. Lopez, A. D. & Murray, C. C. The global burden of disease, 1990–2020. Nat. Med. 4, 1241 (1998).
60. Mathers, C. D. et al. Global Burden of Disease 2000: Version 2 Methods and Results (World Health Organization, Geneva, 2002).
61. Mathers, C. The Global Burden of Disease: 2004 Update (World Health Organization, Geneva, 2008).
62. West, B.T., Welch, K.B. & Galecki, A.T. (with Contributions from Brenda W. Gillespie) (2014). Linear Mixed Models: A Practical Guide using Statistical Software, Second Edition. Chapman Hall / CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL.
63. StataCorp, L. Stata data analysis and statistical Software. Spec. Ed. Release 10, 733 (2007).
64. Wada, K. et al. Relationship between the onset of depression and stress response measured by the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire among Japanese employees: a cohort study. PLoS ONE 8, e56319 (2013).
65. Grossman, M. & Wood, W. Sex differences in intensity of emotional experience: a social role interpretation. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 65, 1010 (1993).
66. Lungu, O., Potvin, S., Tikàsz, A. & Mendrek, A. Sex differences in effective frontolimbic connectivity during negative emotion processing. Psychoneuroendocrinology 62, 180–188 (2015).
67. Naninck, E., Lucassen, P. & Bakker, J. Sex differences in adolescent depression: do sex hormones determine vulnerability? J. Neuroendocrinol. 23, 383–392 (2011).
68. Parker, G. & Brotchie, H. Gender differences in depression. Int. Rev. Psychiatry 22, 429–436 (2010).
69. Muntaner, C., Eaton, W., Diala, C., Kessler, R. & Sorlie, P. Social class, assets, organizational control and the prevalence of common groups of psychiatric disorders. Soc. Sci. Med. 47, 2043–2053 (1998). Yu Translational Psychiatry (2018) 8:98 Page 9 of 10
70. Pollack, C. E. et al. Should health studies measure wealth?: a systematic review. Am. J. Prev. Med. 33, 250–264 (2007).
71. Carter, K. N., Blakely, T., Collings, S., Gunasekara, F. I. & Richardson, K. What is the association between wealth and mental health? J. Epidemiol. Community Health 63, 221–226 (2009).
72. Ferrari, A. J. et al. The burden attributable to mental and substance use disorders as risk factors for suicide: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. PLoS ONE 9, e91936 (2014).
73. Lopez, A. D., Mathers, C. D., Ezzati, M., Jamison, D. T. & Murray, C. J. Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data. Lancet 367, 1747–1757 (2006).
74. McGee, A., McGee, P. & Pan, J. Performance pay, competitiveness, and the gender wage gap: evidence from the United States. Econ. Lett. 128, 35–38 (2015).
75. Guimarães, CRFF. & Silva, JR. Pay gap by gender in the tourism industry of Brazil. Tour. Manag. 52, 440–450 (2016).
76. Mandel, H. The role of occupational attributes in gender earnings inequality, 1970–2010. Soc. Sci. Res. 55, 122–138 (2016).
77. Jagger, C. et al. Inequalities in healthy life years in the 25 countries of the European Union in 2005: a cross-national meta-regression analysis. Lancet 372, 2124–2131 (2009).
78. Oksuzyan, A., Shkolnikova, M., Vaupel, J., Christensen, K. & Shkolnikov, V. Sex differences in health and mortality in Moscow and Denmark. Eur. J. Epidemiol. 29, 243–252 (2014).
79. World Health Organization. Ageing and Life Course, Family and Community Health: WHO Global Report on Falls Prevention in Older Age (World Health Organization, Geneva, 2008).
80. Nusselder, W., Looman, C., Oyen, H., Robine, J.-M. & Jagger, C. Gender differences in health of EU10 and EU15 populations: the double burden of EU10 men. Eur. J. Ageing 7, 219–227 (2010).
81. Whiteford, H., Ferrari, A. & Degenhardt, L. Global burden of disease studies: implications for mental and substance use disorders. Health Aff. 35, 1114–1120 (2016).
82. Muehlenhard, C. L. & Peterson, Z. D. Distinguishing between sex and gender: history, current conceptualizations, and implications. Sex. Roles 64, 791–803 (2011).
83. World Health Organization. Gender Mainstreaming for Health Managers: A Practical Approach (World Health Organization, Geneva, 2011).
Usted debe ingresar al sitio con su cuenta de usuario IntraMed para ver los comentarios de sus colegas o para expresar su opinión. Si ya tiene una cuenta IntraMed o desea registrase, ingrese aquí