1. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2016) UN General Assembly proclaims Decade of Action on Nutrition. http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/408970/icode/ (accessed March 2017).
2. Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition (2016) Food Systems and Diets: Facing the Challenges of the 21st Century. London: Global Panel; available at http://glopan.org/sites/default/files/ForesightReport.pdf
3. Pan American Health Organization of the World Health Organization (2015) Ultra-Processed Food and Drink Products in Latin America: Trends, Impact on Obesity, Policy Implications. Washington, DC: PAHO; available at http://www.paho.org/hq/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=11153%3Aultra-processed-food-and-drinkproducts&catid=4999%3Adocuments&lang=em
4. Monteiro CA (2009) Nutrition and health. The issue is not food, nor nutrients, so much as processing. Public Health Nutr 12, 729–731.
5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2015) Guidelines on the Collection of Information on Food Processing Through Food Consumption Surveys. Rome: FAO; available at http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4690e.pdf
6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations & Food Climate Research Network (2016) Plates, Pyramids, Planet. Developments in National Healthy and Sustainable Dietary Guidelines: A State of Play Assessment. Rome/Oxford: FAO/University of Oxford; available at http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5640e.pdf
7. Pan American Health Organization of the World Health Organization (2016) Nutrient Profile Model. Washington, DC: PAHO.
8. Ludwig D (2011) Technology, diet, and the burden of chronic disease. JAMA 305, 1352–1353.
9. Moodie R, Stuckler D, Monteiro CA et al. (2013) Profits and pandemics: prevention of harmful effects of tobacco, alcohol, and ultra-processed food and drink industries. Non-communicable Diseases Series 4. Lancet 381, 670–679.
10. Brazilian Ministry of Health (2014) Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population. Brasília: Ministry of Health; available at http://184.108.40.206/dab/docs/portaldab/publicacoes/guia_alimentar_populacao_ingles.pdf
11. Monteiro CA, Cannon G, Moubarac J-C et al. (2015) Dietary guidelines to nourish humanity and the planet in the twenty-first century. A blueprint from Brazil. Public Health Nutr 18, 2311–2322.
12. de Souza R, Mente A, Maroleanu A et al. (2015) Intake of saturated and trans unsaturated fatty acids and risk of all cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. BMJ 351, h3978.
13. World Health Organization (2003) Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Report of a Joint WHO/ FAO Expert Consultation. WHO Technical Report Series no. 916. Geneva: WHO; available at http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/trs916/en
14. World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (2007) Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective. Washington, DC: AICR; available at http://www.aicr.org/assets/docs/pdf/reports/Second_Expert_Report.pdf
15. US Department of Agriculture & US Department of Health and Human Services (2010) Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010, 7th ed. Washington, DC: USDA/DHSS; available at http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/sites/default/files/dietary_guidelines_for_americans/PolicyDoc.pdf
16. US Department of Agriculture & US Department of Health and Human Services (2015) 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 8th ed. Washington DC: USDA/DHSS; available at https://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/resources/2015-2020_Dietary_Guidelines.pdf.
17. Monteiro CA, Cannon G, Levy RB et al. (2012) The big issue for nutrition, disease, health, well-being. World Nutr 3, 527–569.
18. Stuckler D & Nestle M (2012) Big food, food systems, and global health. PLoS Med 9, 6.
19. World Health Organization (2013) WHO Director-General addresses health promotion conference. http://www. who.int/dg/speeches/2013/health_promotion_20130610/en/ (accessed March 2017).
20. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2002) Foreign Direct Investment for Development. Paris: OECD; http://www.oecd.org/investment/investmentfordevelopment/foreigndirectinvestmentfordevelopmentmaximisingbenefitsminimisingcosts.htm
21. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2016) Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Statistics – OECD Data, Analysis and Forecasts. Paris: OECD; http://www.oecd.org/corporate/mne/statistics.htm
22. Wilkinson J (2004) The food processing industry, globalization, and developing countries. Electron J Agric Dev Econ 1, 184–201.
23. Hawkes C (2005) The role of foreign direct investment in the nutrition transition. Public Health Nutr 8, 357–365.
24. Monteiro CA & Cannon G (2012) The impact of transnational ‘Big Food’ companies on the South: a view from Brazil. PLoS Med 9, e1001252.
25. Greer J & Singh K (2000) A brief history of transnational corporations. Global Policy Forum. https://www.global policy.org/empire/47068-a-brief-history-of-transnationalcorporations.html (accessed March 2017).
26. European Food Information Council (2010) The Greatest Thing Since Sliced Bread? A Review of the Benefits of Processed Foods. Brussels: EUFIC; available at: http://www.eufic.org/article/en/expid/benefits-processed-foodreview/
27. International Food Information Council (2010) Understanding our Food Information Communications Tool Kit. Washington, DC: IFIC Foundation; http://www.food insight.org/press-releases/international-food-informationcouncil-foundation-introduces-understanding-our-food
28. Eicher-Miller H, Fulgoni V & Keast D (2012) Contributions of processed foods to dietary intake in the US from 2003– 2008: a report of the Food and Nutrition Science Solutions Joint Task Force of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, American Society for Nutrition, Institute of Food Technologists, and International Food Information Council. J Nutr 142, issue 11, 2065S–2072S.
29. Dwyer J, Fulgoni V, Clemens R et al. (2012) Is ‘processed a four-letter word? The role of processed foods in achieving dietary guidelines and nutrient recommendations. Adv Nutr 3, 536–548.
30. Weaver C, Dwyer J, Fulgoni V et al. (2014) Processed foods: contributions to nutrition. Scientific Statement from the American Society for Nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr 99, 1525–1542.
31. Eat Drink Politics, Simon M (2015) Nutrition Scientists on the Take from Big Food. Has the American Society for Nutrition Lost All Credibility? Oakland, CA: Eat Drink Politics; available at http://www.eatdrinkpolitics.com/wpcontent/ uploads/ASNReportFinal.pdf
32. Monteiro CA, Levy RB, Claro RM et al. (2010) A new classification of foods based on the extent and purpose of their processing. Cad Saude Publica 26, 2039–2049.
33. Moubarac J-C, Parra D, Cannon G et al. (2014) Food classification systems based on food processing: significance and implications for policies and actions: a systematic literature review and assessment. Curr Obes Rep 3, 256–272.
34. Monteiro CA, Cannon G, Levy RB et al. (2015) Ultra-processing and a new classification of foods. In Introduction to the US Food System: Public Health,
Environment, and Equity, pp. 338–339 [R Neff, editor]. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass/John Wiley.
35. Monteiro CA, Cannon G, Levy RB et al. (2016) NOVA. The star shines bright. World Nutr 7, 28–38.
36. Monteiro CA, Levy RB, Claro RM et al. (2011) Increasing consumption of ultra-processed foods and likely impact on human health: evidence from Brazil. Public Health Nutr 14, 5–13.
37. Sparrenberger K, Friedrich R, Schiffner M et al. (2015) Ultra-processed food consumption in children from a Basic Health Unit. J Pediatr (Rio J) 91, 535–542.
38. Martins AP, Levy RB, Claro RM et al. (2013) Increased contribution of ultra-processed food products in the Brazilian diet (1987–2009). Rev Saude Publica 47, 656–665.
39. Louzada ML, Martins AP, Canella DS et al. (2015) Ultra-processed foods and the nutritional dietary profile in Brazil. Rev Saude Publica 49, 38.
40. Barcelos GT, Rauber F & Vitolo MR (2014) Processed and ultra-processed food products and nutrient intake in children. Rev Cienc Saude 7, 155–161.
41. Bielemann R, Santos Motta J, Minten G et al. (2015) Consumption of ultra-processed foods and their impact on the diet of young adults. Rev Saude Publica 49, 28.
42. Louzada ML, Martins AP, Canella DS et al. (2015) Impact of ultra-processed foods on micronutrient content in the Brazilian diet. Rev Saude Publica 49, 45.
43. Canella DS, Levy RB, Martins AP et al. (2014) Ultraprocessed food products and obesity in Brazilian households (2008–2009). PLoS One 9, e92752.
44. Louzada ML, Baraldi LG, Martinez Steele E et al. (2015) Consumption of ultra-processed foods and obesity in Brazilian adolescents and adults. Prev Med 81, 9–15.
45. Tavares L, Fonseca S, Garcia Rosa L et al. (2012) Relationship between ultra-processed foods and metabolic syndrome in adolescents from a Brazilian family doctor program. Public Health Nutr 15, 82–87.
46. Rauber F, Campagnolo P, Hoffman D et al. (2015) Consumption of ultra-processed food products and its effects on children’s lipid profiles: a longitudinal study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 25, 116–122.
47. Moubarac J-C, Claro RM, Baraldi LG et al. (2013) International differences in cost and consumption of readyto- consume food and drink products: United Kingdom and Brazil, 2008–2009. Glob Public Health 8, 845–856.
48. Leite FH, Oliveira MA, Cremm EC et al. (2012) Availability of processed foods in the perimeter of public schools in urban areas. J Pediatr (Rio J) 88, 328–334.
49. Costa JC, Claro RM, Martins AP et al. (2013) Food purchasing sites. Repercussions for healthy eating. Appetite 70, 99–103.
50. Vedovato GM, Trude AC, Kharmats AY et al. (2015) Degree of food processing of household acquisition patterns in a Brazilian urban area is related to food buying preferences and perceived food environment. Appetite 87, 296–302.
51. Mallarino C, Gomez L, Gonzalez-Zapata L et al. (2013) Advertising of ultra-processed foods and beverages: children as a vulnerable population. Rev Saude Publica 47,1006–1010.
52. Franco P, Rosa G, Luiz R et al. (2015) Assessment of the quality of hypoenergetic diet in overweight women. Int J Cardiovasc Sci 28, 244–250.
53. Martinez Steele E, Baraldi LG, Louzada ML et al. (2015) Ultra-processed foods and added sugars in the US diet: evidence from a nationally representative crosssectional study. BMJ Open 5, e009892.
54. Martinez Steele E, Popkin B, Swinburn B et al. (2017) The share of ultra-processed foods and the overall nutritional quality of diets in the US: evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional study. Popul Health Metr 15, 6.
Para ver los comentarios de sus colegas o para expresar su opinión debe ingresar con su cuenta de IntraMed.