IntraMed - Artículos - Hidrocefalia a presión normal u oculta
Diagnóstico y manejo | 19 SEP 05
Hidrocefalia a presión normal u oculta
La HPN es una causa rara de demencia que afecta a personas mayores de 60 años y puede mejorar desviando el flujo del líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR).
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Autor: Dres. Meg Verrees, Warren R. Selman.  Fuente: Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio Am Fam Physician 2004;70:1071-8,1085-6.
INDICE:  1. Desarrollo | 2. Bibliografía
Bibliografía
1. Vanneste JA. Diagnosis and management of normal-pressure hydrocephalus. J Neurol 2000;247:5-14.

2. Vanneste JA, Augustijn P, Dirven C, Tan WF, Goedhart ZD. Shunting normal-pressure hydrocephalus: do the benefits outweigh the risks? A multicenter study and literature review. Neurology 1992;42:54-9.

3. Vanneste J, Augustijn P, Tan WF, Dirven C. Shunting normal pressure hydrocephalus: the predictive value of combined clinical and CT data. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1993;56:251-6.

4. Gleason PL, Black PM, Matsumae M. The neurobiology of normal pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Clin North Am 1993;4:667-75.

5. Bradley WG. Normal pressure hydrocephalus: new concepts on etiology and diagnosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2000;21:1586-90.

6. Bradley WG. Cerebrospinal fluid dynamics and shunt responsiveness in patients with normal-pressure hydrocephalus [Letter]. Mayo Clin Proc 2002;77:507-8.

7. Savolainen S, Hurskainen H, Paljarvi L, Alafuzoff I, Vapalahti M. Five-year outcome of normal pressure hydrocephalus with or without a shunt: predictive value of the clinical signs, neuropsychological evaluation and infusion test. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2002;144:515-23.

8. Pisani R, Mazzone P, Cocito L. Continuous lumbar cerebrospinal fluid pressure monitoring in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus: predictive value in the selection for shunt surgery. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 1998;100:160-2.

9. Symon L, Dorsch NW, Stephens RJ. Pressure waves in so-called low-pressure hydrocephalus. Lancet 1972;2(7790):1291-2.

10. Symon L, Dorsch NW. Use of long-term intracranial pressure measurement to assess hydrocephalic patients prior to shunt surgery. J Neurosurg 1975;42:258-73.

11. Black PM, Ojemann RG, Tzouras A. CSF shunts for dementia, incontinence, and gait disturbance. Clin Neurosurg 1985;32:632-51.

12. Bret P, Guyotat J, Chazal J. Is normal pressure hydrocephalus a valid concept in 2002? A reappraisal in five questions and proposal for a new designation of the syndrome as "chronic hydrocephalus." J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2002;73:9-12.

13. Vanneste JA. Three decades of normal pressure hydrocephalus: are we wiser now? J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1994;57:1021-5.

14. Hakim CA, Hakim R, Hakim S. Normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurg Clin North Am 2001;12:761-73.

15. Krauss JK, Faist M, Schubert M, Borremans JJ, Lucking CH, Berger W. Evaluation of gait in normal pressure hydrocephalus before and after shunting. Adv Neurol 2001;87:301-10.

16. Stolze H, Kuhtz-Buschbeck JP, Drucke H, Johnk K, Diercks C, Palmie S, et al. Gait analysis in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus-which parameters respond to the CSF tap test? Clin Neurophysiol 2000;111:1678-86.

17. Black PM. Idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Results of shunting in 62 patients. J Neurosurg 1980;52:371-7.

18. Petersen RC, Mokri B, Laws ER Jr. Surgical treatment of idiopathic hydrocephalus in elderly patients. Neurology 1985;35:307-11.

19. Meier U, Zeilinger FS, Kintzel D. Signs, symptoms and course of normal pressure hydrocephalus in comparison with cerebral atrophy. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 1999;141:1039-48.

20. Hebb AO, Cusimano MD. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a systematic review of diagnosis and outcome. Neurosurgery 2001;49:1166-84.
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