Recomendaciones para su manejo | 10 AGO 05
Cólico renal agudo por cálculos ureterales
Sobre la presentación de un caso clínico, el autor presenta la evidencia que sustenta diversas estrategias, una revisión de las recomendaciones formales y sus recomendaciones personales.
Autor: Dr. Joel M.H. Teichman, M.D.  Fuente: Comentario y resumen objetivo: Dra. Marta Papponetti NEJM 350 (7):684-693. 12 de febrero, 2004.
INDICE:  1. Desarrollo | 2. Áreas de incertidumbre | 3. Bibliografía

1. Sierakowski R, Finlayson B, Landes RR, Finlayson CD, Sierakowski N. The frequency of urolithiasis in hospital discharge diagnoses in the United States. Invest Urol 1978;15:438-441
2. Soucie JM, Thun MJ, Coates RJ, McClellan W, Austin H. Demographics and geographic variability of kidney stones in the United States. Kidney Int 1994;46:893-899.
3. Sarmina I, Spirnak JP, Resnick MI. Urinary lithiasis in the black population: an epidemiological study and review of the literature. J Urol 1987;138:14-17.
4. Ljunghall S, Danielson BG, Fellstrom B, Holmgren K, Johansson G, Wikstrom B. Family history of renal stones in recurrent stone patients. Br J Urol 1985;57:370-374
5. Curhan GC, Willett WC, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ. Family history and risk of kidney stones. J Am Soc Nephrol 1997;8:1568-1573
6.  Bove P, Kaplan D, Dalrymple N, et al. Reexamining the value of hematuria testing in patients with acute flank pain. J Urol 1999;162:685-687
7. Vieweg J, Teh C, Freed K, et al. Unenhanced helical computerized tomography for the evaluation of patients with acute flank pain. J Urol 1998;160:679-684
8. Miller OF, Rineer SK, Reichard SR, et al. Prospective comparison of unenhanced spiral computed tomography and intravenous urogram in the evaluation of acute flank pain. Urology 1998;52:982-987
9. Shokeir AA, Mahran MR, Abdulmaaboud M. Renal colic in pregnant women: role of renal resistive index. Urology 2000;55:344-347
10. Vaughan ED Jr, Gillenwater JY. Recovery following complete chronic unilateral ureteral occlusion: functional, radiographic and pathologic alterations. J Urol 1971;106:27-35.
11. Pearle MS, Pierce HL, Miller GL, et al. Optimal method of urgent decompression of the collecting system for obstruction and infection due to ureteral calculi. J Urol 1998;160:1260-1264.
12. Cordell WH, Larson TA, Lingeman JE, et al. Indomethacin suppositories versus intravenously titrated morphine for the treatment of ureteral colic. Ann Emerg Med 1994;23:262-269.
13. Larkin GL, Peacock WF IV, Pearl SM, Blair GA, D'Amico F. Efficacy of ketorolac tromethamine versus meperidine in the ED treatment of acute renal colic. Am J Emerg Med 1999;17:6-10.
14. Lopes T, Dias JS, Mercelino J, Varela J, Ribeiro S, Dias J. An assessment of the clinical efficacy of intranasal desmopression spray in the treatment of renal colic. BJU Int 2001;87:322-325.
15. Cordell WH, Wright SW, Wolfson AB, et al. Comparison of intravenous ketorolac, meperidine, and both (balanced analgesia) for renal colic. Ann Emerg Med 1996;28:151-158.
16. Brater DC. Effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on renal function: focus on cyclooxygenase-2-selective inhibition. Am J Med 1999;107:65S-71S.
17. Zabihi N, Teichman JMH. Dealing with the pain of renal colic. Lancet 2001;358:437-438.
18. Gillis JG, Brogden RN. Ketorolac: a reappraisal of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic use in pain management. Drugs 1997;53:139-188.
19. Laerum E, Ommundsen OE, Gronseth JE, Christiansen A, Fagertun HE. Intramuscular diclofenac versus intravenous indomethacin in the treatment of acute renal colic. Eur Urol 1996;30:358-362.
20. Tramer MR, Williams JE, Carroll D, Wiffen PJ, Moore RA, McQuay HJ. Comparing analgesic efficacy of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs given by different routes in acute and chronic pain: a qualitative systematic review. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1998;42:71-79.
21. el-Sherif AE, Salem M, Yahia H, al-Sharkawy WA, al-Sayrafi M. Treatment of renal colic by desmopressin intranasal spray and diclofenac sodium. J Urol 1995;153:1395-1398.
22. Kober A, Dobrovits M, Djavan B, et al. Local active warming: an effective treatment for pain, anxiety and nausea caused by renal colic. J Urol 2003;170:741-744.
23. Lee Y-H, Lee W-C, Chen M-T, Huang J-K, Chung C, Chang LS. Acupuncture in the treatment of renal colic. J Urol 1992;147:16-18.
24. Hubner WA, Irby P, Stoller ML. Natural history and current concepts for the treatment of small ureteral calculi. Eur Urol 1993;24:172-176
25. Miller OF, Kane CJ. Time to stone passage for observed ureteral calculi: a guide for patient education. J Urol 1999;162:688-691.
26. Ueno A, Kawamura T, Ogawa A, Takayasu H. Relation of spontaneous passage of ureteral calculi to size. Urology 1977;10:544-546.
27. Morse RM, Resnick MI. Ureteral calculi: natural history and treatment in an era of advanced technology. J Urol 1991;145:263-265.
28. Segura JW, Preminger GM, Assimos DG, et al. Ureteral Stones Clinical Guidelines Panel summary report on the management of ureteral calculi. J Urol 1997;158:1915-1921.
29. Yu TF, Gutman AB. Uric acid nephrolithiasis in gout: predisposing factors. Ann Intern Med 1967;67:1133-1148.
30. Sakhaee K, Adams-Huet B, Moe OW, Pak CY. Pathophysiologic basis for normouricosuric uric acid nephrolithiasis. Kidney Int 2002;62:971-979.
31. Gutman AB, Yu TF. Uric acid nephrolithiasis. Am J Med 1968;45:756-779.
32. Burns JR, Gauthier JF, Finlayson B. Dissolution kinetics of uric acid calculi. J Urol 1984;131:708-711.
33. Pak CYC, Sakhaee K, Fuller C. Successful management of uric acid nephrolithiasis with potassium citrate. Kidney Int 1986;30:422-428.
34. Low RK, Stoller ML. Uric acid-related nephrolithiasis. Urol Clin North Am 1997;24:135-148.
35. Roberts WW, Cadeddu JA, Micali S, Kavoussi LR, Moore RG. Ureteral stricture formation after removal of impacted calculi. J Urol 1998;159:723-726.
36. Andren-Sandberg A. Permanent impairment of renal function demonstrated by renographic follow-up in ureterolithiasis. Scand J Urol Nephrol 1983;17:81-84.
37. Ala-Kulju K, Nummi P, Holst J. Conservative treatment of ureteric stones: ureteric stones -- surgical intervention. Ann Chir Gynaecol 1985;74:284-287.
38. Kelleher JP, Plail RO, Dave SM, Cunningham DA, Snell ME, Witherow RO. Sequential renography in acute urinary tract obstruction due to stone disease. Br J Urol 1991;67:125-128.
39. Irving SO, Callega R, Lee F, Bullock KN, Wraight P, Doble A. Is the conservative management of ureteric calculi of >4 mm safe? BJU Int 2000;85:637-640.
40. Bird VG, Gomez-Marin O, Leveillee RJ, Sfakianakis GN, Rivas LA, Amendola MA. A comparison of unenhanced helical computerized tomography findings and renal obstruction determined by furosemide 99mtechnetium mercaptoacetyltriglycine diuretic scintirenography for patients with acute renal colic. J Urol 2002;167:1597-1603.
41. Teichman JMH, Portis AJ, Cecconi PP, et al. In vitro comparison of shock wave lithotripsy machines. J Urol 2000;164:1259-1264.
42. Cass AS. Comparison of first generation (Dornier HM3) and second generation (Medstone STS) lithotriptors: treatment results with 13,864 renal and ureteral calculi. J Urol 1995;153:588-592.
43. Graber SF, Danuser H, Hochreiter WW, Studer UE. A prospective randomized trial comparing 2 lithotriptors for stone disintegration and induced renal trauma. J Urol 2003;169:54-57.
44.  Streem SB, Yost A, Mascha E. Clinical implications of clinically insignificant stone fragments after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. J Urol 1996;155:1186-1190.
45. Joseph P, Mandal AK, Singh SK, Mandal P, Sankhwar SN, Sharma SK. Computerized tomography attenuation value of renal calculus: can it predict successful fragmentation of the calculus by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy? A preliminary study. J Urol 2002;167:1968-1971.
46. Lam JS, Greene TD, Gupta M. Treatment of proximal ureteral calculi: holmium:YAG laser ureterolithotripsy versus extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. J Urol 2002;167:1972-1976.
47. Pearle MS, Nadler R, Bercowsky E, et al. Prospective randomized trial comparing shock wave lithotripsy and ureteroscopy for management of distal ureteral calculi. J Urol 2001;166:1255-1260.
48. Kuo RL, Aslan P, Abrahamse PH, Matchar DB, Preminger GM. Incorporation of patient preferences in the treatment of upper urinary tract calculi: a decision analytical view. J Urol 1999;162:1913-1919.
49. Vieweg J, Weber HM, Miller K, Hautmann R. Female fertility following extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy of distal ureteral calculi. J Urol 1992;148:1007-1010.
50. Erturk E, Ptak AM, Monaghan J. Fertility measures in women after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy of distal ureteral stones. J Endourol 1997;11:315-317.
51. Teichman JMH, Vassar GJ, Bishoff JT, Bellman GC. Holmium:YAG lithotripsy yields smaller fragments than lithoclast, pulsed dye laser or electrohydraulic lithotripsy. J Urol 1998;159:17-23.
52. Teichman JMH, Rao RD, Rogenes VJ, Harris JM. Ureteroscopic management of ureteral calculi: electrohydraulic versus holmium:YAG lithotripsy. J Urol 1997;158:1357-1361.
53. Vassar GJ, Chan KF, Teichman JMH, et al. Holmium:YAG lithotripsy: photothermal mechanism. J Endourol 1999;13:181-190.
54. Sofer M, Watterson JD, Wollin TA, Nott L, Razvi H, Denstedt JD. Holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy for upper urinary tract calculi in 598 patients. J Urol 2002;167:31-34.
55. Lotan Y, Gettman MT, Roehrborn CG, Cadeddu JA, Pearle MS. Management of ureteral calculi: a cost comparison and decision making analysis. J Urol 2002;167:1621-1629.
56. Chandhoke PS. When is medical prophylaxis cost-effective for recurrent calcium stones? J Urol 2002;168:937-940.
57. Parks JH, Asplin JR, Coe FL. Patient adherence to long-term medical treatment of kidney stones. J Urol 2001;166:2057-2060.
58. Van Drongelen J, Kiemeney LALM, Debruyne FMJ, de la Rosette JJMCH. Impact of urometabolic evaluation on prevention of urolithiasis: a retrospective study. Urology 1998;52:384-391
59. Parks JH, Goldfisher E, Asplin JR, Coe FL. A single 24-hour urine collection is inadequate for the medical evaluation of nephrolithiasis. J Urol 2002;167:1607-1612.
60. Yagisawa T, Chandhoke PS, Fan J. Comparison of comprehensive and limited metabolic evaluations in the treatment of patients with recurrent calcium urolithiasis. J Urol 1999;161:1449-1452.
61. Seltzer MA, Low RK, McDonald M, Shami GS, Stoller ML. Dietary manipulation with lemonade to treat hypocitraturic calcium nephrolithiasis. J Urol 1996;156:907-909.
62. Curhan GC, Willett WC, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ. A prospective study of dietary calcium and other nutrients and the risk of symptomatic kidney stones. N Engl J Med 1993;328:833-838.
63. Borghi L, Schianchi T, Meschi T, et al. Comparison of two diets for the prevention of recurrent stones in idiopathic hypercalciuria. N Engl J Med 2002;346:77-84.
64. Pak CYC, Heller HJ, Pearle MS, Odvina CV, Poindexter JR, Peterson RD. Prevention of stone formation and bone loss in adsorptive hypercalciuria by combined dietary and pharmacological interventions. J Urol 2003;169:465-469.
65. Goldfarb DS, Coe FL. Prevention of recurrent nephrolithiasis. Am Fam Physician 1999;60:2269-2276.



Usted debe ingresar al sitio con su cuenta de usuario IntraMed para ver los comentarios de sus colegas o para expresar su opinión. Si ya tiene una cuenta IntraMed o desea registrase, ingrese aquí

Contenidos relacionados
Los editores le recomiendan continuar con las siguientes lecturas: